Page 673

Page 673 (1968: The Defining Year)






CHAPTER 11 STALEMATE IN THE OLD CITY


Unless otherwise noted the material in this chapter is derived from: MACV ComdHist, 1968; FMFPac, MarOpsV,Jan and Feb68;


1st ARVN Div Advisory Det, "The Battle of Hue," n.d., n.p.. End l, 3d MarDiv, ComdC, Feb68, hereafter, 1st ARVN Adv Det, "The Battle of Hue"; Waldron and Beavers, "Operation Hue City"; 1st MarDiv AAR Tet; TF X-Ray AAR Hue City; 1st Mar AAR Hue City; 1/5 AAR Hue City, dtd 15Mar68, hereafter 1/5 AAR Hue City; III MAF Jnl & Msg File; Hue City Jnl & Msg File; Vietnam Comment Files; A&S Files, Indochina Archives; Truong Sinh, "The Fight to Liberate the City of Hue"; Keith B. Nolan Papers, Personal Papers Collection, MCHC, hereafter Nolan Papers; U.S. Army, 14th Mil Hist Det, 1st Cav Div (AM), "The Battle of Hue, 2-26 February 1968," dtd 10Mar68 (Copy in Nolan Papers), hereafter 14th MHD, "The Battle of Hue," Mar68; MajGen John J. Tolson (USA) intvw, 24Jun68 (CMH, Washington), hereafter Tolson Intvw, Jun68; Alexander W. Wells, Jr. Papers, Personal Papers Collection, MCHC, hereafter Wells Papers, MCHC; Sharp and Westmoreland, Report on the War; Westmoreland, A Soldier Reports; Nolan, Battle for Hue; Oberdorfer, TET!; Pearson, The War in the Northern Provinces;


Lung, The General Offensives; Pham Van Son, Tet Offensive; Peter Braestrup, Big Story. A Faltering Campaign


1. 1st ARVN Adv Det, "The Battle of Hue," p. 5.


2. Ibid.


3. Ibid., p. 7.


4. Ibid. pp. 6-7.


5. Ibid.; 1st Mar AAR Hue City.


6. Tolson Intvw, Jun 68, pp. 3^.


7. 14th MHD, "The Battle of Hue," Mar68, pp. 1-2; Waldron and Beavers, "Operation Hue City," pp. 23^.


8. In addition to the sources listed above, see also III MAF msg to MACV, dtd 4Feb68 (III MAF Msg & Jnl File, Hue City).


9. Pearson, The War in the Northern Provinces, p. 44; F. Clinton Berry, Jr., The Illustrated History of the Vietnam War-Air Cav, (New York and Toronto: Bantam Books, 1988), pp. 110-12; 14th MHD, "The Battle of Hue," Mar68, pp. 1-2; Waldron and Beavers, "Operation Hue City," pp. 23-4.


10. 14th MHD, "The Battle of Hue," Mar68, p. 3; 1st AirCav Div SitRep No. 38, dtd 7 Feb68 (IIIMAF Msg & Jnl File); Tolson Intvw., p. 4.


11. 14th MHD, "The Battle of Hue," Mar68, p. 3; 1st AirCav, SitSum No. 38, dtd 8Feb68 (III MAF Jnl & Msg File).


12. 14th MHD, "The Battle of Hue," Mar68, p. 3.


13. 1st Mar AAR Hue City; Braestrup, Big Story, I, pp. 316-7.


14. CGIIIMAF msg to 1st ACD, dtd 13Feb68 (III MAF Outgoing Messages).


15. Waldron and Beaver, "The Critical Year," pp. 14-5; TF X-Ray AAR Hue City; Maj Talman C. Budd II, USMC, OSMA, NAG, AAR, Opn Hue City (Song Than 739-68), dtd 25Jul68 in SMA, MACV, AARs, 1968-69, hereafter Maj Talman C. Budd II, MAU, NAG, CAAR, Hue City, dtd 25Jul68; 1/5 FragO 6-68, dtd 9Feb68, End l, 1/5 AAR Hue City. Going into the Walled City


16. 1/5 AAR Opn Hue City; 1st Mar AAR Hue City; 1st MarDiv Hue City Sitrep No. 32, dtd 10Feb68, TF X-Ray to IIIMAF COC, Resume of Telephone Call, dtd 10Feb68, and III MAF Hue City Sitrep No. 33, dtd 10Feb68 (III MAF Jnl & Msg File). Although the 1/5 AAR does not show Company A going into Hue until 11 February, all the other sources reflect that the company was in Hue city on the afternoon of 10 February 1968.


17. 1st FAG ComdC, Feb68, p. 5; Col Robert C. V. Hughes, Comments on draft, n.d. [1995] (Vietnam Comment File).


18. 1st FAG ComdC, Feb68, p. 5; Alexander W. Wells, Jr., "Synopsis From Combat Report: February 1968-Vietnam," in Alexander W. Wells, Jr. Papers, MCHC, hereafter Wells, "Excerpts from Combat Report"; Alexander W. Wells, Jr., Comments on draft, dtd 3Dec94 (Vietnam Comment File), hereafter Wells Comments, Dec94.


19. Wells, "Excerpts from Combat Report"; Wells Comments, Dec94.


20. Wells Comments, Dec94.


21. Ibid. and Wells, "Excerpts from Combat Report".


22. Although there was no specific plan, General Truong's intentions can be inferred from the following sources: 1st Infantry Division Advisory Detachment, Advisory Team 3, CAAR, Opn NVA/VC Tet Offensive:


Hue, dtd 30Mar68 (copy in Nolan Papers), hereafter 1st InfDiv, Adv Tm 3, CAAR, Hue; TF X-Ray AAR Hue City; 1st Mar AAR Hue City; Maj Talman C., Budd II, MAU, NAG, CAAR, Hue City, dtd 25Jul68; 1/5 AAR Hue City; Col Richard H. Thompson Itr to Keith B. Nolan, l6Sep80 with attached copy of briefing map (Nolan Papers), hereafter Thompson Itr, l6Sep80; Pham Van Son, Tet Offensive, pp. 256-59.


23. Maj Talman C. Budd II, MAU, NAG, CAAR, Hue City, dtd 25Jul68 and SMA, MAU, NAG, 1st Endorsement on Hue City CAAR, 12Aug68.


24. Maj Talman C. Budd II, MAU, NAG, CAAR, Hue City, dtd 25Jul68.


25. 1/5 AAR Hue City.


26. Thompson Itr, l6Sep80.


27. Ibid.


28. Ibid.


29. Ibid.


30. The basis of this and the following two paragraphs are: Thompson Itr, l6Sep80 and 1/5 AAR, Opn Hue City. The Fight For the Tower


31. The sources for this and the following paragraph are: Thompson Itr, l6Sep80 and 1/5 AAR, Opn Hue City.


32. For this paragraph, see also unattributed account, "The Citadel," ms, n.d., in Harrington Folder, Nolan Papers, hereafter "The Citadel," ms.


33. Thompson Itr, 16 Sep 80.


34. Ibid.; 1/5 AAR, Opn Hue City; "The Citadel," ms; 1st Lt Andrew C. Delaurier, 19Apr68, Tape 2667 (Oral HistColl, MCHC).


35. The sources for this and the following paragraph are: Thompson Itr, l6Sep80; Citadel ms; 1/5 AAR, Opn Hue City.


36. The sources for this and the following paragraph are: Nolan notes, n.d. Harrington File (Nolan Papers); Nolan, Battle for Hue, pp. 124-27.







Page 673 (1968: The Defining Year)