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The NVA Attack


2. Enemy OOB, Anx A, III MAF Periodic Intel Rpt, No. 2, dtd 13Jan68 (III MAF Periodic Intel Rpts); MACV ComdHist, 1968, pp. 881-3; 1st Mar AAR Hue City; 1st MarDiv AAR Tet, pp. 49-50;


Waldron and Beaver, "Operation Hue City," p. 6.


3. People's Liberation Army Forces List of Military Objectives in Hue, Jan 68, trans (Hue Folder, Tet Box, A&S Files, Indochina Archives).


4. FMFPac, MarOpsV, Jan68, pp. 18-20 and Feb68, pp. 8-10; Cushman Intvw, Novl982; Truong Sinh, "The Fight to Liberate the City of Hue," p. 95.


5. Truong Sinh, "The Fight to Liberate the City of Hue," p. 90.


6. Ibid. and Waldron and Beavers, "Operation Hue City," p. 6.


7. Truong Sinh, "The Fight to Liberate the City of Hue," pp. 93-4.


8. Ibid., pp. 96-7.


9- Ibid. p. 97; Lung, The General Offensives, p. 79; Pham Van Son, Tet Offensive, p. 249.


10. Ibid.; Waldron and Beaver, "Operation Hue City," pp. 7-8; 1st ARVN Div Advisory Detach, "The Battle of Hue," n.d., n.p., pp. 2-3, End l, 3d MarDiv ComdC, Feb68, hereafter "The Battle of Hue" (3d MarDiv ComdC).


11. This paragraph is based on the sources listed above and Nolan, Battle for Hue, pp. 6-8.


12. Truong Sinh, "The Fight to Liberate the City of Hue," p. 101; 1st Mar AAR Hue City.


13. The sources for this and the following paragraph are: Waldron and Beaver, "Operation Hue City," pp. 13-4; "The Battle of Hue," pp. 3-4, (3d MarDiv ComdC); Lung, The General Offensives, p. 79; Pham Van Son, Tet Offensive, p. 249.


14. Pham Van Son, Tet Offensive, p. 250. Redeployment at Phu Bai and the Marines Go to Hue


15. 1/1 ComdC, Jan68; 1st Mar Div Sit Rep No. l, Hue City, dtd 3Feb68, Hue CityJnl & Msg File.


16. TF X-Ray ComdC, Jan68; TF X-Ray AAR Hue City; 1st Mar AAR Hue City; LaHue debriefing; "History of Task Force X-Ray," n.d., Attachment to Col A. J. Poillon, Comments on draft ms, dtd 30Oct69, Donnelly and Shore, "Ho Chi Minh's Gamble" (Vietnam Comment File).


17. 1st Mar ComdC, Jan68; 5th Mar ComdC, Jan68; 1/1 ComdC, Jan68; Col Gordon D. Batcheller, Comments on draft, dtd 10Dec94 (Vietnam Comment File), hereafter Batcheller Comments.


18. 5th Mar ComdC, Jan68; 2/5 ComdC, Jan68; Batcheller Comments.


19. 5th Mar ComdC, Jan68; 2/5 ComdC, Jan68.


20. 5th Mar ComdC, Jan68, and attached Jnl and SitRep files.


21. Ibid.


22. Ibid.; 2/5 ComdC, Jan68; BGen Michael P. Downs, Comments on draft, dtd 19Dec94 (Vietnam Comment File), hereafter Downs Comments.


23. 5th Mar ComdC, Jan68, and attached Jnl and SitRep files.


24. This and the following paragraph are based upon Ibid. and 2/5 ComdC, Jan68.


25. Additional sources for this paragraph are Downs Comments,Dec94 and BGen Michael P. Downs, Taped Comments on draft, dtd l lDec92 (Vietnam Comment File).


26. 1st MarDiv AAR Tet; 1st Mar ComdC, Jan68; 1/1 ComdC, Jan68;


Batcheller Comments.


27. Batcheller Comments; 1st Mar ComdC, Jan68, p. III-A-4.


28. TF X-Ray AAR, pp. 9-10; III MAF Jnl and Msg File, passim., 30-31Jan68.


29. Batcheller Comments.


30. This and the following two paragraphs are based upon; Nolan, Battle for Hue, pp. 12-3; Hammel, Fire in the Streets, 62-68; Gravel intvw;


Batcheller Comments; Medal of Honor Recommendations, dtd 25May68, in Sgt Alfredo Gonzalez Biographical File (RefSec, MCHC);


Paul Drew Stevens, ed., The Navy Cross, Vietnam, Citations of Awards to Men of The United States Navy and The United States Marine Corps, 1964-1973, (Forest Ranch, CA: Sharp & Dunnigan, 1987) pp. 27-8, 54., hereafter Stevens, ed., The Navy Cross,


31. Maj Ernest Cook, Comments on draft ms, dtd 20Oct69, Donnelly and Shore, "Ho Chi Minh's Gamble," (Comment File); Gravel intvw, pp. 22, 49; Cheatham et al. presentation, p. 23-


32. Gravel intvw, pp. 51-2.


33. Ibid. pp. 5-6; 1st Mar AAR Hue City; 1st MarDiv AAR Tet, p. 56.


34. 1st MarDiv COC Notes, 31Jan68 (III MAF Jnl & Msg File);


LaHue debriefing; Gravel intvw, p. 5.


35. Gravel intvw, pp. 5-6.


36. Ibid., pp. 6-7; Nolan, Battle for Hue, p. 20.


37. 1st Mar AAR Hue City; Gravel intvw, pp. 7-8; Cheatham et al., presentation, p. 23.


38. 1st Mar AAR Hue City; 1st MarDiv COC Notes, 0001-0900, lFeb68, III MAF Jnl & Msg File; Gravel intvw, p. 53.


39. LaHue debriefing; Westmoreland msg to Wheeler, dtd 31Jan68, Westmoreland Messages, Westmoreland Papers, CMH. CHAPTER 10 THE STRUGGLE FOR HUE, THE SECOND PHASE


Unless otherwise noted the material in this chapter is derived from:


MACV ComdHist, 1968; FMFPac, MarOpsV.Jan and Feb68; Donnelly and Shore, "Ho Chi Minh's Gamble"; Maj Miles D. Waldron, USA, and Spec 5 Richard W. Beavers, USA, "The Critical Year, 1968, The XXIV Corps Team," 31st Mil Hist Det, HQ, XXIV Corps, Jan69, hereafter Waldron and Beavers, "The Critical Year"; Waldron and Beavers, "Operation Hue City"; 1st MarDiv AAR Tet; TF X-Ray AAR Hue City; 1st Mar AAR Hue City; 1/1 ComdCs, Jan-Feb 68; 2/5 draft CAAR, Operation Hue City, dtd 5Mar68, hereafter 2/5 AAR Hue City; III MAF Jnl & Msg File; Hue City Jnl & Msg File; Vietnam Comment Files; Cushman Intvw, Nov82; LaHue debriefing; Gravel intvw; Cheatham et al. presentation; LtCol Ernest C. Cheatham, Jr., et al. intvw, 28Feb-4Mar68, Tape 2511, (Oral HistColl MCHC), hereafter Cheatham etal. intvw Tape 2511; A&S Files, Indochina Archives;


Truong Sinh, "The Fight to Liberate the City of Hue"; Sharp and Westmoreland, Report on the War, Westmoreland, A Soldier Reports', Nolan, Battle for Hue, Hammel, Fire in the Streets', Oberdorfer, TET!', Pearson, The War in the Northern Provinces', Lung, The General Offensives', Pham Van Son, Tet Offensive, Peter Braestrup, Big Story: How the Amer-







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