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55. Col Dean Wilker, Comments on draft, dtd 18Nov94 (Vietnam Comment File).


56. FMFPac, MarOpsV, Jan68, p. 56; 1st MAW to III MAF, Resumes oftelecon, 31Jan68 (III MAFJnl&Msg File).


57. 1st MarDiv msg to III MAF, dtd 31Jan68 (III MAFJnl&Msg File);


1st MarDiv AAR Tet, pp. 29-30; FMF, MarOpsV, Jan68, p. 56.


58. This and the next paragraph are based on the following sources: 1st MarDiv AAR Tet, p. 30; 1st MarDiv to III MAF, Resume ofTelecon, dtd 31Jan68 (III MAFJnl&Msg File).


59. An additional source for this paragraph is 1st FSR/FLC msg to III MAF, dtd 31Jan68 (III MAFJnl&Msg File).


60. Pham Van Son, Tet Offensive, pp. 303-04.


61. 1st MarDiv AAR Tet, pp. 30-32; III MAFJnl&Msg File; 1st MP Bn ComdC, Jan68.


62. 1st MarDiv AAR Tet, pp. 31-2; 1st MarDiv msg to III MAF, dtd 31Jan68 (III MAFJnl&Msg File).


63. 1st MarDiv AAR Tet, p. 31; 1st MarDiv to III MAF, Resume of Telecon, dtd 31Jan68 (III MAFJnl&Msg File).


64. I Corps to III MAF, Resumes ofTelecon, dtd 31Jan68; CAG-2 to III MAF, Resume ofTelecon, dtd 31Jan68; 2d ROK MarBde msg to III MAF, dtd 31Jan68; Americal Div to III MAF, Resume ofTelecon, dtd 31Jan68; III MAF msg to MACV COC, dtd 31Jan68; (III MAF Jnl&Msg File).


65. 1st MarDiv AAR Tet, Jan68, p. 32.


66. Ibid. A Brief Lull and Renewed Fighting


67. The sources for this and the next paragraph are: 1st MarDiv AAR Tet, p. 24; 1st MarDiv ComdC, Feb68, p. 17.


68. 1st MarDiv AAR Tet, p. 33.


69. Ibid., p. 20; LtCol John F. J. Kelly intvw, 23May68, Tape 2760 (Oral HistColl, MCHC).


70. 1st MarDiv AAR Tet, pp. 34-5.


71. Ibid.


72. Bobrowsky intvw, Tape Three, p. 6.


73. This and the next two paragraphs are based on the following sources: 1st MarDiv AAR Tet, pp. 35-6; 1st MarDiv ComdC, Feb68.


74. An additional source for this and the next paragraph is 3/5 ComdC, Feb68.


75. 1st MarDiv AAR Tet, pp. 36-7; Robertson Intvw., pp. 32-33.


76. Westmoreland, A Soldier Reports, pp. 341-2; General Entry, Historical Summary, l-29Feb68, Folder 29 (Westmoreland Papers, CMH).


77. Westmoreland, A Soldier Reports, p. 341.


78. Robertson Intvw, pp. 30-1; Cushman Intvw, Nov82, p. 29; Smith Tape.


79. Smith Tape.


80. CGIIIMAF msg to CGAmericalDiv, CGlstMarDiv, CGlstMAW, and CG2dROKMC, dtd 7Feb68, End 7, 1st MarDiv ComdC, Jan68.


81. The sources for this and the following six paragraphs are: 1st MarDiv AAR Tet, p. 37; 1st MarDiv ComdC, Feb68.


82. An additional source for this and the following paragraph is III MAF ComdC, Jan68.


83. An additional source for this paragraph is FMFPac, MarOpsV, Jan68, pp. 28-30.


84. 1st MarDiv AAR Tet 68; III MAF ComdC, Feb68, pp. 19-20;


CGIIIMAF msg to CGlstMarDiv [and other subordinate commands], dtd HFeb68, End 10, 1st MarDiv ComdC, Feb68.


85. 1st MarDiv AAR Tet, p. 64; FMFPac, MarOpsV, Jan68, pp. 21-25;


Smith Tape.


86. Document Relating to Action and Mission South of Da Nang, dtd 31Jan68, CDEC Log No. 03-1127-68 (Tet 68, Folder No. l, Indochina Archives); 1st MarDiv AAR Tet, p. 70; Robertson Intvw., pp. 32-3. CHAPTER 9 THE STRUGGLE FOR HUE- THE BATTLE BEGINS


Unless otherwise noted the material in this chapter is derived from:


MACV ComdHist, 1968; FMFPac, MarOpsV, Jan and Feb68; Maj Thomas Donnelly and Capt Moyers S. Shore II, "Ho Chi Minh's Gamble," in LtCol Ralph F. Moody, et al., "Marines in Vietnam, 1954-68," 8 pts (ms, MCHC, Washington, D.C., 1971), pt VI, hereafter Donnelly and Shore, "Ho Chi Minh's Gamble"; Maj Miles D. Waldron, USA, and Specialist 5 Richard W. Beavers, USA, "Operation Hue City," 31st Mil Hist Det, Hq Prov Corps, Vietnam, Hist Study, 2-68, hereafter Waldron and Beavers, "Operation Hue City"; 1st MarDiv, Commanders AAR, Tet Offensive, 29 Jan-14 Feb68, dtd 25May68 (1st MarDiv Admin Files), hereafter 1st MarDiv AAR Tet; TF X-Ray ComdC, Jan68; TF X-Ray AAR, Opn Hue City, dtd l4Apr68, with enclosures, hereafter TF X-Ray AAR Hue City; 1st Mar CAAR, Opn Hue City, dtd 20Mar68 in TF X-Ray AAR Hue City, hereafter 1st Mar AAR Hue City; 1/1 ComdC, Jan68; III MAF Jnl & Msg File; Hue City Jnl & Msg File in III MAF Jnl & Msg File, hereafter Hue City Jnl & Msg File; Vietnam Comment Files; BGen Foster C. LaHue debriefing at FMFPac, Apr68, Tape 2932 (Oral HistColl, MCHC), hereafter LaHue debriefing; LtCol Marcus J. Gravel intvw, 17Jul73 (Oral HistColl, MCHC), hereafter Gravel intvw; Lt Col Ernest C. Cheatham, Maj G. Ron Christmas, Maj Mike P. Downs, and Maj Charles L. Meadows presentation, 23Jul73 (Oral HistColl, MCHC), hereafter Cheatham et al. presentation; A&S Files, Indochina Archives; Truong Sinh, "The Fight to Liberate the City of Hue During Mau Than Tet (1968)," translated from Hoc Tap, Dec 1974 in Hue Folder, Tet Box, A&S Files, Indochina Archives, hereafter Truong Sinh, "The Fight to Liberate the City of Hue"; Sharp and Westmoreland, Report on the War; Westmoreland, A Soldier Reports; Keith William Nolan, Battle for Hue, Tet, 1968 (Nova-to, CA: Presidio Press, 1983), hereafter Nolan, Battle/or Hue; Eric Hammel, Fire in the Streets, The Battle for Hue, Tet 1968 (Chicago, 111:


Contemporary Books, 1991), hereafter Hammel, Fire in theStreets; Don Oberdorfer, TET! (Garden City, New York: Doubleday & Co, 1971), hereafter Oberdorfer, TET!; LtGen Willard Pearson, USA, The War in the Northern Provinces, 1966-1968, Vietnam Studies (Washington, D.C. Dept of the Army, 1975), hereafter -Pearson, The War in the Northern Provinces; Col Hoang Ngoc Lung, ARVN, The General Offensives of 1968-69, Indochina Monographs (Washington, D.C., CMH, 1981), hereafter Lung, The General Offensives; LtCol Pham Van Son, ARVN, et al.. The Viet Cong Tet Offensive, 1968 (Saigon, RVN: Joint General Staff, RVNAF, 1968), hereafter Pham Van Son, Tet Offensive. The Two Faces of Hue


l. "The Battle for Hue," n.p., n.d., End l, 3d MarDiv ComdC, Feb68;


Pearson, The War in the Northern Provinces, pp. 39^0; Lung, The General Offensives, pp. 75-77; Pham Van Son, Tet Offensive, pp. 248-9; Peter Braestrup, Comments on draft, n.d. tJan951 (Vietnam Comment File).






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