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50. Smith, "Leatherneck Square," p. 38; various msgs, 24-29 Dec67, Opn Kentucky (III MAF Jnl & Msg File); 3/3 ComdC, Jan68.


51. Smith, "Leatherneck Square," pp. 38-9; 3/3 ComdC, Jan68.


52. 3/3 ComdC, Jan68.


53. 3/3 ComdC, Jan 68; 9th Mar SitReps, tab A, 9th Mar ComdC, Jan68; various rnsgs, 1-19 Jan68, Opn Kentucky (III MAF msg and Jnl File); 2/12 ComdC, Jan68; Col Robert C. Needham, Comments on draft, dtd 7Dec94 (Vietnam Comment File).


54. 3/4 ComdC, Jan68; LtCol Lee R. Bendell intvw, l6Jan68, Tape 2617 (Oral HistColl, MCHC), hereafter Bendell intvw.


55. Bendell intvw.


56. Col Lee R. Bendell, Comments on draft, n.d. [Nov94) (Vietnam Comment File), hereafter Bendell Comments.


57. 3d MarDiv SitRep No. 239, dtd 30Dec67, Kentucky Msg File; 3/4 ComdC, Dec67.


58. Bendell intvw; 3/4 ComdC, Dec67, pp. 14-5; 3/4 Newsletter, Dec67, End, 3/4 ComdC, Dec67.


59. 3/4 ComdC, Dec67, pp. 14-5.


60. For this and the following two paragraphs, see Ibid. and Bendell intvw. See also 3d MarDiv SitReps, Nos. 243^44 and SpotRpt No. 115 (Kentucky Msg File).


61. Additional source for this paragraph is 1st MAW Press Release, dtd 8Jan68 in 1st MAW Information Services, Press Releases, App. 6, 1st MAW ComdC, Jan68.


62. Ibid.


63. Bendell intvw.


64. Ibid.; 3/4 ComdC, Dec67; FMFPac, Computerized Award Readout, 1965-1973.


65. 9th Mar SitRep, Opn Kentucky, No. 263, 6Jan68, tab A, 9th Mar ComdC, Jan68


66. 3/4 ComdC, Jan68; 9th Mar ComdC, Jan68, p. III-l and 9th Mar SitReps No. 269 and 270, Opn Kentucky, dtd 7Jan68, tab A, 9th Mar ComdC, Jan68; 3d MarDiv SitRep No. 272 and SpotRep No. 5, dtd 8Jan68 (Kentucky Msg Pile); Bendell intvw.


67. Bendell intvw and 3/4 ComdC, Jan68.


68. Bendell intvw; 3/4 ComdC, Jan68; 9th Mar ComdC, Jan68, p. III-l and 9th Mar SitReps No. 269 and 270, Opn Kentucky, dtd 7Jan68, tab A, 9th Mar ComdC, Jan68; 3d MarDiv SitRep No. 272 and SpotRep No. 5, dtd 8Jan68 (Kentucky Msg File)


69. 1st MAW Press Release, dtd l6Jan68 in 1st MAW Information Services, Press Releases, App. 6, 1st MAW ComdC, Jan68.


70. Bendell intvw; 3/4 ComdC, Jan68.


71. 3d MarDiv msg to III MAF, dtd 8Jan68 (Kentucky Msg File); Bendell Intvw.


72. This and the following two paragraphs are based upon: Bendell intvw; Capt Raymond W. Kalm, Jr., et al. intvw, l6Jan68, Tape 2618 (Oral HistColl, MCHC, Washington, D.C.), hereafter Kalm et al. intvw.


73. Bendell Comments.


74. Kalm er al. intvw.


75. 3/4 ComdC, Jan68, 9th Mar SitReps, Operation Kentucky, tab A, 9th Mar ComdC, Jan68.


76. Bendell Comments; Bendell intvw; Kalm et al. intvw.


77. 3/4 ComdC, Jan68 and Bendell Comments.


Operation Lancaster and Heavy Fighting in Mid-January


78. 3d Mar, AAR, Operation Lancaster, dtd 18Feb68, End 3d Mar ComdC, Feb68, hereafter 3d Mar, AAR, Opn Lancaster; 3/9 Gazette, Battalion Newsletter, n.d. [Dec67~Jan68], End, Col Gorton C. Cook, Comments on draft, dtd 30Nov68, hereafter Cook Comments. See also III MAF msg to MACV, dtd 2Jan68 (III MAF Jnl & Msg File, Operation Lancaster).


79. 3d Mar, AAR, Opn Lancaster.


80. 3d Mar AAR, Opn Lancaster; 3d Mar ComdCs, Dec67 and Jan68;


3d Mar msg to 3d MarDiv, dtd 4Jan68, pt IV, 3d Mar ComdC, Jan68.


81. 3d Mar Staff Jnis, pt IV, 3d Mar ComdC, Jan68 and 3d MarDiv SpotReps, dtd 12-13Jan68 and III MAF SitRep No. 292, dtd 13Jan68 (III MAF Jnl&Msg File, Operation Lancaster).


82. For this and the next four paragraphs see: 3d Mar AAR, Opn Lancaster; 3d Mar ComdC, Jan68; 3d Mar IntSum No. 13, dtd 13Jan68, Pt IV, 3d Mar ComdC, Jan68; 3d MarDiv SitReps and Spot Rpts to III MAF and III MAF msgs to MACV, dtd 13-15Jan68 (III MAF Jnl & Msg File, Operation Lancaster); Cook Comments.


83. 3d Mar AAR, Opn Lancaster; 3d MarDiv msgs to III MAF and III MAF msgs to MACV, dtd 16-17 Feb68 (III MAF Jnl&Msg File, Operation Lancaster); 3d Mar, Staff Jnl, Pt IV, 3d Mar ComdC, Jan68.


84. 9th Mar ComdC, Jan68; 3/4 ComdC, Jan68; Bendell Comments;


Col Kenneth L. Christy, Comments on draft, dtd 8Dec94 (Vietnam Comment File), hereafter Christy Comments.


85. Christy Itr to Michael Madden, dtd 4Dec88, End to Christy Comments, hereafter Christy Itr, Dec88.


86. The description of the ambush of Company L in this and the following paragraphs is derived largely from 9th Mar ComdC, Jan68;


9th Mar IntSum No. 80, dtd 21 Jan68, tab B, 9th Mar ComdC, Jan68; 9th Mar SitRep No. 313, Operation Kentucky, tab A, 9th Mar ComdC, Jan68; 3/4 ComdC, Jan68; 3d MarDiv msgs and spot repts to III MAF, dtd 18 Jan68 (III MAF Jnl&Msg File, Operation Kentucky). See also Michael John Madden Statement, dtd 19Jun90, End, Bendell Comments, hereafter Madden Statement, Jun90 and Christy Itr, Dec88.


87. Christy Itr, Dec88.


88. Christy Itr, Dec88; Madden Statement, Jun90


89. Christy Itr, Dec88.


90. 9th Mar ComdC, Jan68; 3/4 ComdC, Jan68; Bendell Comments.


91. 3d Mar, AAR Opn Lancaster; III MAF SitRep No. 322, dtd 20Jan68 (III MAF Jnl & Msg File, Operation Kentucky); 1st AmTrac Bn ComdC, Jan68. CHAPTER 4 KHE SANH: BUILDING UP


Unless otherwise noted the material in this chapter is derived from FMFPac, MarOpsV, Jul67-Jan68; III MAF ComdCs, Jul67-Jan68; 3d MarDiv ComdCs, Jul67-Jan68; 26th Marines ComdCs, Jul67-Jan68; Khe Sanh Monograph Comment File; Khe Sanh Correspondence File; Westmoreland, A Soldier Reports; Ray W. Stubbe, "Khe Sanh: Valley of Decision" ms, 1987 (Copy in Personal Papers Collection, MCHC), hereafter Stubbe, "Khe Sanh"; John Pra-dos and Ray W. Stubbe, Valley of Decision, The Siege of Khe Sanh (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Co., 1991), hereafter Prados and Stubbe, Valley of Decision; Shore, Khe Sanh. Paul D. Stevens, ed.. The Navy Cross; Vietnam, Citations of Awards to Men of the United States Navy and the United States Marine Corps, 1964-197 3, (Forest Ranch, CA: Sharp and Dunnigan, 1987).







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