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10. Gen William C. Westmoreland, Entry 16Dec67, Historical Summary, 29 Nov-l6Dec67 (Westmoreland Papers, CMH); Metzger Memoir, pp. 94-96; 9th Mar IntSum No. 65, dtd 6Jan68, 9th Mar ComdC, Jan 68, tab b.

11. FMFPac, "Enemy Estimate, DMZ," pp. 38^0.

12. Ibid., pp. 9-11, 38-41.

13. Ibid., pp. 39^11.

14. Ibid. pp. 40-1; Capt Moyers S. Shore II, The Battle for Khe Sanh (Washington, D.C.: Hist Br, G-3 Div, HQMC, 1969), p. 29.

15. FMFPac, "Enemy Estimate, DMZ," pp. 55, 66-7; Gen William C. Westmoreland, General Entry, 27 Dec67-31Jan68, Historical Summary (Westmoreland Papers, CMH); Gen William C. Westmoreland intvw, 4Apr83, p. 14 (OralHist Coil, MCHC, Washington, D.C.), hereafter Westmoreland Intvw.

16. FMFPac, "Enemy Estimate, DMZ," passim.

17. Ibid., pp. 42-3.

18. Ibid., pp. 43-4.

19. Ibid., pp. 56-7.

20. Ibid., pp. 66-68; CGIIIMAF msg to ComUSMACV, dtd 13Jan68 (HQMC Msg File, III MAF Outgoing, Dec67-Feb68); G-2 III MAF PerintRpt No. 2-68, dtd 15Jan68 (III MAF PerintRpts, 1968); Westmoreland msg to Sharp and Wheeler, dtd 15Jan68 (v. 28, Historical File, 27Dec67-31Jan68, Westmoreland Papers). Operation Napoleon

21. MACV ComdHist, 1968, v. l, pp. 371, 374. See also 3d MarDiv, Rules of Engagement, anx. J, Letter of Instruction (LOI), 1-67, dtd llFeb67 in 3d MarDiv ComdC, Dec67, tab 3-1, Supporting Documents.

22. FMFPac, MarOpsV, Dec67, p. 98; VAdm Edwin B. Hooper, Mobility, Support Endurance, A Story of Naval Operational Logistics in the Vietnam War, 1965-1968 (Washington, D.C.: NHD, 1972), pp. 119-22.

23. 1st AmTrac Bn ComdCs, Apr, May, and Nov 67; Rogers, Telfer, and Fleming, U.S. Marines in Vietnam, 1967, pp. 142.

24. 1st AmTrac Bn, ComdCs, Nov-Dec 67; 3d MarDiv ComdC, Dec 67, p. 21; Working Papers, input to III MAF Campaign Plan Quarterly Review, n.d. [Dec67], End 78, 3d MarDiv ComdC, Dec67;

Rogers, Telfer, and Fleming, U.S. Marines in Vietnam, 1967, pp. 142,


25. 1st AmTrac Bn ComdC, Jan68; 3d MarDiv Task Organization, dtd

31 Dec67, tab 3-2, 3d MarDiv ComdC, Dec67.

26. 1st AmTrac Bn ComdC, Jan68; 3d MarDiv Task Organization, dtd 7Jan68, End 13, 3d MarDiv ComdC, Jan 68.

27. Quote from letter to mother in Ron Asher, Comments on draft, dtd 10Dec94 (Vietnam Comment File). See also 1st AmTrac Bn ComdC, Jan68; CG3d MarDiv msg to 1st AmTrac Bn, dtd 6Jan68, 3d MarDiv Msg File.

28. 1st AmTrac Bn ComdC, Jan68.

29. Ibid.

Kentucky Operations and the Barrier

Additional sources for this section are: Col Richard B. Smith intvw, Jul68, Tape 3041 (OralHistColl, MCHC, Washington, D.C.), hereafter Smirh Intvw; Maj Justice M. Chambers inrvw, 25Apr85 (OralHistColl, MCHC), hereafter Chambers Intvw; Col Richard B. Smith, "Leatherneck Square" Marine Corps Gazette, Aug69, pp. 34^42, hereafter Smith. "Leatherneck Square."

30. CG 3d MarDiv rpt to CG III MAF, Subj: Quarterly Review ... of III MAF Campaign Plan 1-67, dtd 5Jan68, End 8, 3d MarDiv ComdC, Dec67, hereafter 3d MarDiv, Quarterly Review; CG 3d MarDiv msg to CG III MAF, dtd 4Oct67, HQMC Msg File, III MAF Incoming; 9th Mar Sit Rep, Opn Kentucky, No. 257, dtd 3Jan68, tab A, 9th Mar ComdC, Jan68; Smith, "Leatherneck Square," p.36.

31. Telfer, Rogers, and Fleming, U.S. Marines in Vietnam, 1967', p. 142;

CGFMFPac msg to CMC, dtd lNov67, HQMC Msg File.

32. 9th Mar ComdC, Jan68; 3d MarDiv Sit Rep No. 271, Opn Kentucky, dtd 7Jan68 (III MAF Jnl and Msg File); Smith, "Leatherneck Square," p. 36.

33. Smith Intvw; Chambers Intvw.

34. Smith, "Leatherneck Square," p. 36; 2/1 ComdC, Jan68.

35. Chambers Intvw.

36. Telfer, Rogers, and Fleming, U.S. Marines in Vietnam, 1967, p. 94;

Smith, "Leatherneck Square," p.39.

37. 2/1 ComdC, Jan68, p. 11-4; "Marines Direct Artillery at Retreating NVA Flag," Sea Tiger, dtd 19Jan68, p. 9.

38. 2/1 ComdC, Jan68, p. ll-A.

39. 9th Mar ComdC, Jan68, p. III-l; 9th Mar SitRep No. 260b, dtd 5Jan68, in Ibid; 2/1 ComdC, Jan68, p. \l-A and attached S-3 Jnl.

40. 2/1 ComdC, Jan68, p. ll-A and attached S-3 Jnl; 3d MarDiv SitRep No. 285, dtd HJan68, Opn Kentucky (III MAF Jnl & Msg File); 9th Mar SitRep No. 283, dtd l lJan68, tab A, 9th Mar ComdC, Jan68.

41. III MAF SitRep No. 301, Opn Kentucky, dtd 15Jan68; 3d MarDiv SitRep No. 301, Opn Kentucky, dtd 15Jan68; and 3d MarDiv msg to III MAF, dtd 15Jan68 (all in III MAF Jnl and Msg File). See also 2/1 S-3 Jnl entries for 14-15Jan68 in 2/1 ComdC, Jan68.

42. Col Billy R. Duncan, Comments on draft, dtd 15Dec94 (Vietnam Comment File).

43. LtGen Louis Metzger, Comments on draft, dtd 170cr94 (Vietnam Comment File), hereafter Metzger Comments.

44. Chambers Intvw; 1/4 ComdC, Jan68, p. 13; Smith, "Leatherneck Square," p. 36.

45. 1/4 ComdC, Jan68; 3d MarDiv SitRep No. 282, dtd 10Jan68, Opn Kentucky (III MAF Jnl & Msg File); 3d Recon Bn ComdC, Jan68.

46. For this and the following paragraph see Smith Intvw; 1/4 ComdC, Jan68.

47. In addition to the sources listed in the preceding note, some reviewers of the draft manuscript remarked on the difficulties and shortcomings of the Marine fortification effort. See Metzger Comments; Col John C. Studt, Comments on draft, dtd 22Nov94 (Vietnam Comment File); Maj Gary E. Todd, Comments on draft, dtd 28Oct94 (Vietnam Comment File) as cited in Chapter l.

48. See various msgs, 24-29 Dec67, Opn Kentucky (III MAF Jnl & Msg File) and 2/9 ComdC, Jan68.

49. 2/9 ComdC, Jan68.

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