"Tojo was Prime Minister of Japan during World War II, until his resignation in 1944. He was condemned for war crimes and hanged in 1948." Tojo Hideki, a career Japanese officer, became Minister of War in 1940, then Prime Minister in 1941. The Japanese successes in the Pacific early in the war made him extremely popular, but as the tide turned against Japan, he lost favor and was forced to resign in 1944 after the Japanese defeat at Saipan.
After the war, he attempted to commit suicide but failed. He was then tried as a war criminal for Japanese atrocities and hanged in 1948.