First St. Albans

First Saint Albans was the opening battle in the Wars of the Roses. Richard of York led a force of about 3,000 on a march toward London. Henry VI moved from London to intercept the Yorkist army. Henry halted his march in the town of Saint Albans and waited. Richard attacked and defeated Henry inflicting about 300 casualties. The Queen and her young son Edward fled into exile.

York Leadership: Richard of York Richard Neville, earl of Warwick Richard Neville, earl of Salisbury

Lancaster Leadership: King Henry VI Queen Margaret Edmund Beaufort, duke of Somerset Humphrey Stafford, duke of Buckingham

Size of forces: Yorkists - 3,000 Lancastrians - 2,500

Notable deaths Edmund Beaufort,duke of Somerset; Thomas de Clifford; Henry Percy, 2nd earl of Northumberland

Location: 
St. Albans, England
Outcome: 
Victory for the York forces
Campaign: 
First Campaign
Start Date: 
Tuesday, May 22, 1455
Start Year: 
1455
End Date: 
Tuesday, May 22, 1455
End Year: 
1455
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