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United States

Map of United States
Name: United States
Continent: North America
Population: 290,300,000
Religion: Protestant 56%, Roman Catholic 28%, Jewish 2%, other 4%, none 10% (1989)

Britain's American colonies broke with the mother country in 1776 and were recognized as the new nation of the United States of America following the Treaty of Paris in 1783. During the 19th and 20th centuries, 37 new states were added to the original 13 as the nation expanded across the North American continent and acquired a number of overseas possessions. The two most traumatic experiences in the nation's history were the Civil War (1861-65) and the Great Depression of the 1930s. Buoyed by victories in World Wars I and II and the end of the Cold War in 1991, the US remains the world's most powerful nation-state. The economy is marked by steady growth, low unemployment and inflation, and rapid advances in technology.

Information from the CIA World Fact Book

 
Timeline of Events
Date Event
1584
  1584 English attempt to establish colony on Roanoke Island; All colonists disappear
1619
  1619 African slaves introduced to Virginia
1649
  1649 Religious toleration in Maryland
1691
  1691 Plymouth Colony becomes part of Massachusetts Bay colony
1692
  1692 Salem witch trials
  1692 College of William and Mary, Virginia, founded
1706
  1706 Benjamin Franklin born
1733
12 February 1733 Georgia colony founded by James Oglethorpe
1765
  1765 Colonists oppose Stamp Act
1773
  1773 Boston Tea Party
1789
  1789 George Washington inaugurated 1st U. S. President
1793
  1793 Construction on the U. S. Capitol begins
1796
  1796 George Washington's Farewell Address
1800
  1800 Thomas Jefferson elected President
1803
30 April 1803 Louisiana Purchase Treaty signed in Paris; The United States purchases rights to 828,800 square miles of territory from France
1804
14 May 1804 Lewis & Clark begin expedition to survey the Louisiana Purchase
1807
  1807 The 1st steamship Clermont sails
1811
  1811 Indian Wars in United States begins
1812
18 June 1812 War of 1812 begins with U.S. declaration of war on the United Kingdom
1815
  1815 Rose Greenhow born
18 February 1815 The War of 1812 ends with the Treaty of Ghent, reaffirming prewar status quo between the United States and United Kingdom
1819
  1819 Spain cedes Florida to United States
1820
  1820 Missouri Compromise
1823
2 December 1823 The Monroe Doctrine declares that European powers must not colonize or interfere with independent nations in the Americas
1825
  1825 Erie Canal opens
1829
24 May 1829 Baltimore and Ohio Railroad opens; Becomes first major railroad system in the U.S.
1832
  1832 Louisa May Alcott born
1833
  1833 Slave trade abolished
17 December 1833 James Holtzclaw born
1835
  1835 Second Seminole War begins
  1835 Mark Twain born
1836
  1836 Ralph Waldo Emerson establishes the principles of American Transcendentalism in his essay "Nature"
  1836 Winslow Homer born
  1836 Betsy Ross dies
  1836 Fall of the House of Usher by Edgar Allan Poe
1841
  1841 The Murders on the Rue Morgue by Edgar Allan Poe
  1841 Oliver Wendell Holmes, Supreme Court Justice, born
1842
  1842 Second Seminole War ends
1843
  1843 Noah Webster dies
  1843 Dorothea Dix and insane asylum reforms
1844
24 May 1844 Samuel F. B. Morse dispatches the first telegraph message from Washington, D.C. to Baltimore.
 November 1844 James K. Polk elected President
1845
  1845 Florida becomes a state
29 January 1845 First publication of Edgar Allen Poe's poem "The Raven"
1846
  1846 United States acquire California
8 August 1846 The Wilmot Proviso
1847
  1847 Thomas Edison born
1848
  1848 U.S.-Mexican War ends
  1848 Mormons to Utah
2 February 1848 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends U.S.-Mexican War; U.S. gains California and other Mexican territory
1850
  1850 Compromise of 1850
1851
  1851 James Fenimore Cooper dies
14 November 1851 Moby Dick by Herman Melville
1852
  1852 Uncle Tom's Cabin by Harriet Beecher Stowe
1853
  1853 Gadsden Purchase Treaty
1854
  1854 Bleeding Kansas
30 May 1854 Kansas-Nebraska Bill
6 July 1854 Republican Party formed in Jackson, Michigan in protest of the Kansas-Nebraska Act
1855
  1855 Percival Lowell born
4 July 1855 Walt Whitman publishes first edition of his collection of poetry Leaves of Grass
1856
  1856 Booker T. Washington born
6 May 1856 Robert E. Peary, polar explorer, is born.
1857
 March 1857 Dred Scott decision in U. S. Supreme Court
1863
  1863 Henry Ford born
17 April 1863 Confederate General Daniel Donelson dies
3 July 1863 Union General Samuel Zook dies at the battle of Gettysburg
1865
6 June 1865 William Quantrill dies
30 July 1865 Union General George Wright dies
1867
  1867 United States buys Alaska
2 March 1867 Reconstruction Act
1868
  1868 Ulysses Grant elected President
  1868 Cincinnati Reds established; First Major League Baseball team
1869
10 May 1869 The first transcontinental railroad acoss the US is completed when the Union Pacific and the Central Pacific railways meet at Promontory Summit, in Utah Territory.
1871
  1871 Orville Wright born
1 November 1871 Stephen Crane born
1872
  1872 Brooklyn Bridge opens
1875
  1875 The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain
1876
  1876 Telephone invented by Alexander Graham Bell
25 June 1876 General George Armstrong Custer and the 265 men under his command are killed in the Battle of Little Big Horn.
1877
  1877 Phonograph invented by Alexander Graham Bell
6 May 1877 Crazy Horse surrenders to General George Crook in Nebraska
1879
29 April 1879 Confederate General Douglas Cooper dies
1880
  1880 Afghan-British War, Second ends
27 July 1880 Battle of Maiwand
1881
4 July 1881 Booker T. Washington founds the Tuskegee Institute, a major center for African-American higher education
1884
10 December 1884 First publication of Mark Twain's novel Adventures of Huckleberry Finn
1886
28 October 1886 Statue of Liberty dedicated in New York
1890
  1890 Lakota Sioux defeated by U.S. Army at Wounded Knee
1895
  1895 Publication of Stephen Crane's The Red Badge of Courage
18 September 1895 Booker T. Washington gives "Atlanta Compromise" speech on race relations in the United States
1898
25 April 1898 The United States defeats Spain in the Spanish-American War and annexes the Philippines, Guam, and Puerto Rico
7 July 1898 President William McKinley signs the Newlands Resolution, officially annexing Hawaii to the United States
1903
  1903 Jack London's novel The Call of the Wild
17 December 1903 Orville and Wilbur Wright make first successful airplane flight at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina
1904
4 May 1904 United States begins construction of Panama Canal
1915
7 May 1915 German submarine sinks the Lusitania resulting in the loss of 1,198 lives, including 128 Americans
1917
6 April 1917 United States formally declares war against Germany.
1921
  1921 Wall Street bomb explodes
1923
9 April 1923 Charles G. Dawes presents a plan for restructuring Germany's war debt
1924
2 June 1924 The U.S. Congress grants citizenship to all Native Americans born in the U.S.
1927
  1927 First talking pictures
1928
15 May 1928 First appearance of Walt Disney's Mickey Mouse in the silent cartoon Plane Crazy
1929
28 October 1929 The Dow Jones drops over 20% in 2 days during the Wall Street Crash of 1929; Often cited as the beginning of the Great Depression
1930
7 July 1930 Construction begins on the Hoover Dam (originally known as the Boulder Dam)
1931
  1931 Thomas Edison dies
1933
5 January 1933 Construction begins on Golden Gate bridge
1936
3 November 1936 Franklin D. Roosevelt reelected as President of the United States in a landslide
1939
  1939 The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck
  1939 Booker T. Washington dies
1941
  1941 Manhattan Project begins
1944
6 June 1944 D-Day, the Allied Invasion of Normandy, France
20 October 1944 Allied forces launch amphibious invasion of the Philippines
1945
1 April 1945 Battle of Okinawa
16 July 1945 First successful test detonation of a nuclear weapon at Alamogordo, New Mexico
6 August 1945 Atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima, Japan
9 August 1945 Atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki, Japan
1947
  1947 Henry Ford dies
1948
  1948 Abstract-Expressionist Jackson Pollock's Number 5
3 December 1948 Tennessee Williams' play A Streetcar named Desire debuts on Broadway
1949
  1949 Orville Wright dies
1954
17 May 1954 The Supreme Court unanimously outlaws racial segregation in public schools in Brown vs. BOE
1955
12 April 1955 Jonas Salk announces the development of a vaccine for polio
17 July 1955 Disneyland theme park opens in Anaheim, California
1956
9 September 1956 Elvis Presley's first appearance on The Ed Sullivan Show
1958
  1958 Guggenheim Museum opens
  1958 USS Nautilus sails to North Pole
1959
  1959 Frank Lloyd Wright dies
1961
  1961 Alan Shepard first American in space
1962
  1962 Mariner 2 launched
 October 1962 Cuban Missile Crisis
1965
  1965 first human space walks
8 March 1965 First U.S. ground combat forces arrive in South Vietnam
1968
31 January 1968 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong forces launch Tet Offensive throughout South Vietnam
1969
  1969 Hurricane Camille
1973
  1973 Skylab launched
1974
  1974 Patty Hearst kidnapped
1975
  1975 Patty Hearst caught
28 April 1975 The last group of Americans are evacuated from Saigon, South Vietnam during North Vietnamese invasion
1976
3 September 1976 Viking 2 lands on Mars; marks second automated visitor to land successfully
1977
  1977 Elvis Presley dies
14 October 1977 Singer/actor Bing Crosby dies
1981
  1981 Personal Computer introduced
1983
  1983 Sally Ride first American woman in space
1984
24 January 1984 First release of Apple's Macintosh computers; First successful personal computer with graphical interface
1986
  1986 Voyager 2 reaches Uranus
1989
6 October 1989 U. S. actress Bette Davis dies.
1991
  1991 Persian Gulf War
17 January 1991 U.S. led coalition defeats Iraqi military forces and liberates Kuwait in Operation Desert Storm
1992
3 November 1992 Democratic candidate Bill Clinton elected 42nd President of the United States
1993
  1993 Steven Spielberg's film Schindler's List
3 October 1993 19 American soldiers die during the Battle of Mogadishu in Somalia
1995
  1995 O.J. Simpson acquitted
1996
  1996 George Burns dies
1997
4 July 1997 Mars Pathfinder lands on Mars
1998
14 May 1998 U.S. singer Frank Sinatra dies
2000
12 October 2000 USS Cole Attacked in Aden
2001
7 October 2001 U.S. and allies begin military operations against the Taliban in Afghanistan during Operation Enduring Freedom
2003
1 February 2003 Space shuttle Columbia breaks up on re-entry over Texas
29 June 2003 U.S. actress Katharine Hepburn dies at age 96.
11 July 2003 Former U. S. poet laureate Josephine Jacobsen dies.
9 August 2003 U.S. dancer/actor Gregory Hines dies.
9 September 2003 Edward Teller, "Father of the H-Bomb," dies.

Go here for timeline sources.



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THESE ARE ARCHIVED PAGES OF THE OLD EHISTORY SITE
These pages are not actively maintained and may have errors in content and functionality