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Egypt

Map of Egypt
Name: Egypt
Continent: Africa
Population: 70,700,000
Religion: Muslim 89%; Christian 11%

Nominally independent from the UK in 1922, Egypt acquired full sovereignty following World War II. The completion of the Aswan High Dam in 1971 and the resultant Lake Nasser have altered the time-honored place of the Nile river in the agriculture and ecology of Egypt. A rapidly growing population (the largest in the Arab world), limited arable land, and dependence on the Nile all continue to overtax resources and stress society. The government has struggled to ready the economy for the new millennium through economic reform and massive investment in communications and physical infrastructure.

Information from the CIA World Fact Book

 
Timeline of Events
Date Event
3400 BC
  3400 bc Earliest hieroglyphics in Egypt
3150 BC
  3150 bc Unification of Egypt under King Menes
2630 BC
  2630 bc c. 2630; First pyramid constructed in Egypt; Imhotep is first known architect
2600 BC
  2600 bc Preservation of fish and poultry (Egypt)
2575 BC
  2575 bc c. 2575-2134; Old Kingdom of Egypt
2528 BC
  2528 bc c. 2528; Cheops buried in First Great Pyramid at Giza
2134 BC
  2134 bc Collapse of central authority in Egypt; End of Old Kingdom
2040 BC
  2040 bc c. 2040-1650; Mentuhotep restores centralized government in Egypt marking the beginning of the Middle Kingdom
1700 BC
  1700 bc c. 1700-1650; Chariot-equipped Hyksos begin invasions and conquer Middle Kingdom Egypt
  1700 bc First evidence of leavened bread (Egypt)
1550 BC
  1550 bc Ahmose reunites Egypt; c. 1550-1070; New Kingdom in Egypt
1500 BC
  1500 bc c. 1504-1492; Thutmose I expands Egypt into Palestine, Syria, and Nubia
  1500 bc Geometry developed in Egypt
1458 BC
  1458 bc Thutmose III ascends to Egyptian throne; First usage of the term Pharaoh
1353 BC
  1353 bc Amenhotep IV introduces monotheism to Egypt
1333 BC
  1333 bc Tutankhaman (King Tut) reestablishes polytheism as official religion in Egypt
1150 BC
  1150 bc Aristocrats in Egypt use chairs
1070 BC
  1070 bc End of New Kingdom in Egypt
671 BC
  671 bc Assyrians conquer Egypt
520 BC
  520 bc Canal completed between the Nile River and Red Sea
323 BC
  323 bc Alexander's general Ptolemy establishes control of Egypt
283 BC
  283 bc Pharos lighthouse in Alexandria
51 BC
  51 bc Cleopatra assumes Egyptian throne
639
  639 Islamic armies conquer Egypt
1260
3 September 1260 Mamluks defeat Mongol army at Ain Jalut; Egypt avoids conquest
1291
  1291 Mamluks destroy Acre and end the existence of the Crusader Kingdom of Jerusalem
1859
  1859 Construction begins on Suez Canal
1869
  1869 Suez Canal opens
1881
  1881 British forces defeat rebel Egyptian army at the Battle of Tel el-Kebir, marking the beginning of British military occupation of Egypt
1884
12 March 1884 Mahdist Sudanese army besieges and defeats British-led Egyptian garrison at the Siege of Khartoum
1956
1 January 1956 Sudan granted independence by Great Britain
1978
27 October 1978 Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin named winners of the Nobel Peace Prize.

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THESE ARE ARCHIVED PAGES OF THE OLD EHISTORY SITE
These pages are not actively maintained and may have errors in content and functionality