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Erwin J. Rommel, (The Desert Fox)
  Known as:   The Desert Fox
 
  Category:   German Field Marshal
 
  Born:   15 Nov 1891  at  Heidenheim, Wurttemberg, Germany  
 
  Died:   14 Oct 1944  at  Germany  

Overview:   World War I hero; Key German general in World War II. Hitler believed Rommel was part of a failed assassination plot and forced him to commit suicide.
 
Biography:   Erwin Rommel joined the army in 1910. Rommel had a stellar service record during World War I. He was wounded in action during the invasion of France. In 1917 and 1918 he served on Romanian and Italian Fronts with distinction winning the Pour Le Merite award.

After the war he became an infantry instructor and published a book on infantry tactics (Infantry Attacks.)

He commanded the 7th Panzer Division at the battle of France in World War II. In February 1941, he was appointed commander of German forces in North Africa (the Afrika Corps.) During the next two years, his outstanding leadership earned him the title "Desert Fox" and the respect of both German and Allied forces. He was recalled from North Africa in March 1943.

Rommel was assigned command of Army Group B in France and he fought Allied forces in Normandy. He was wounded by an Allied air strike in mid-July 1944.

Rommel was implicated in the failed assassination plot of Hitler and given the choice of trial or suicide. He took his own life by taking poison on October 14, 1944.

Content provided by:
Larry Gormley, HistoryShots

Selected sources:
Dupuy, Trevor N., Curt Johnson and David L. Bongard. The Harper Encyclopedia of Military Biography. New York: Castle Books, 1995.



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THESE ARE ARCHIVED PAGES OF THE OLD EHISTORY SITE
These pages are not actively maintained and may have errors in content and functionality