THESE ARE ARCHIVED PAGES OF THE OLD EHISTORY SITE
These pages are not actively maintained and may have errors in content and functionality

eHistory Archive Logo
THESE ARE ARCHIVED PAGES OF THE OLD EHISTORY SITE
click here for the NEW eHistory site
These pages are not actively maintained and may have errors in content and functionality
icon: the new eHistory
click to see our Origins feature click to see our Multimedia histories click to see our Book Reviews
Ancient History Middle Ages Civil War World War II Vietnam War Middle East World
      eHistory  >  World History  >  Biographies  >  Benito Musso... Search
A Moment in Time
Articles
Biographies
Books
Countries
Glossary
HistoryLists
Images & Maps
Military
Personal Histories
Timelines
Benito Mussolini, (il Duce)
  Known as:   il Duce
 
  Category:   Italian Dictator
 
  Born:   29 Jul 1883  at  Predappio, Italy  
 
  Died:   28 Apr 1945  at  Giulino di Mezzegra, Italy  

Overview:   Fascist Dictator of Italy. Allied with Nazi Germany and Japan.
 
Biography:   Benito Mussolini worked as both a schoolteacher and as a journalist in his early years, and also fought in World War I. In 1922, he became the Premier of Italy, and dictator in 1925. He opposed Catholics, Socialists, and Communists, and, in 1935, began to expand the Italian Empire by invading Ethiopia. He supported Franco in the Spanish Civil War, and in 1939, joined Germany in the Axis Powers. He invaded Albania, Greece, and North Africa, with disastrous effects, and he was arrested in 1943. However, the Germans freed him and established him as the head of a puppet government. In 1945, he was captured again, but this time he was hanged, along with his mistress Clara Petacci.

Content provided by:
Jay Schroeder

Selected sources:
"Benito Mussolini" Denis Mack Smith, Grolier Online
< http://gi.grolier.com/wwii/wwii_mussolini.html >
[Accessed January 24, 2003].



About | Contact


All images and content are the property of eHistory at The Ohio State University unless otherwise stated.
Copyright © 2014 OSU Department of History. All rights reserved.
THESE ARE ARCHIVED PAGES OF THE OLD EHISTORY SITE
These pages are not actively maintained and may have errors in content and functionality