Chronology of Significant Events January 1970-June 1971
1970 6 January An estimated force of
100 VC attacked Fire Support Base Ross, which was then occupied by Companies A
and B of the 1st Battalion, 7th Marines, the battalion headquarters group,
and two artillery batteries. Thirteen Marines were killed and 63 were
wounded while the VC left 39 dead behind.
8 January Building on the combined
action platoon concept, III MAF formally established the Combined Unit
Pacification Program (CUPP). Under the CUPP, Marine rifle companies deployed
their squads in hamlets to work with the RFs and PFs much like the CAPs did. The
CUPP differed in that the rifle companies were given no special training,
and the Marine units remained under operational control of parent regiments,
generally operating within the regiment's AO.
11 January III MAF formally activated
the Combined Action Force, incorporating the four combined action groups
(CAGs) under its own headquarters rather than through an assistant chief of
staff within III MAF. In January the CAP included 42 Marine officers and 2,050
enlisted men, along with 2 naval officers and 126 hospital corps-men. The 20
combined action companies and 114 combined action platoons worked with about
3,000 RFs and PFs at the time.
18 January A North Vietnamese spokesman
said that allowing POWs to send a postcard home once a month and to receive
packages from home every other month was, in effect, a means of accounting for
26 January President Nguyen Van Thteu
appealed to friendly nations for continued aid, saying he would go his own
way if allied policies were not in accord with the South Vietnamese
28 January Troop movement for Keystone
BlueJay, the first redeployment of 1970, began and continued until 19 March.
Among the ground and aviation units redeployed were 26th Marines, VMAs -223 and
-211, VMFA-542, HMH-361, and MAG-12.
31 January Enemy traffic along the Ho
Chi Minh Trail in January increased to 10 times what it was in September-October
31 January III MAF strength in Vietnam
5 February At the Paris peace talks,
the enemy produced the first letter of a POW held in South Vietnam by the VC.
This act took place in response to heavy pressure from the U.S. and South
17 February President Nixon said the
military aspects of Vietnamizarion were proceeding on schedule.