INDEX: 1st Cavalry || 3rd Cavalry || 8th Cavalry || 10th Cavalry || 15th Cavalry || 1st Infantry Battalion || 1st Infantry || 3rd Infantry || 15th Infantry || 1st Engineers Battalion || 1st Engineers || 2nd Engineers || 3rd Engineers
The 1st Confederate Cavalry Regiment [aka: 12th Cavalry] was one of Gen'l Joe Wheeler's best units and was organized with men from Alabama (northwest quarter of the state), Kentucky, and Tennessee. It was the successor to Thomas Claiborne's 6th Confederate Cavalry Regiment which included H. Clay King's Kentucky Cavalry Battalion. Capt. Robinson's Company was organized early in the war and saw considerable service before it was consolidated with other companies. Capt. Bradley's Company "A" was detached on escort duty all during the war, serving with Gen'ls Van Dorn and Forrest. The rest of the regiment was brigaded, successively, with Gen'l Wharton (there were 136 effectives, with 2 companies detached, in December 1862), Gen'l Russell, Gen'l Wade, Gen'l Humes, Gen'l Allen, and Gen'l Anderson, all of Wheeler's cavalry corps. The regiment served on many battle-fields, including Lavergne (Nov 1862) and Murfreesboro where it charged and captured the 75th Illinois Regiment. It was at Guy's Gap, Shelbyville, Trenton, Lafayette, Chickamauga, McAfee's, Noonday Creek, and and a number of skirmishes in the Army of Tennessee. After being involved in the Atlanta Campaign, the regiment was transferred to the Dept. of Alabama, Mississippi, and East Louisiana, aiding in the defense of Savannah. Capt. Charles H. Conner was in command continuously after the spring of 1863.
Field and Staff Officers: Cols. John T. Cox; H. Clay King; Lt. Col. C. S. Robertson; and Major Henry C. Bate.
The 3rd Confederate Cavalry [aka: 11th Cavalry] was another of Gen'l Wheeler's commands for the greater part of the war. Seven of the companies were Alabamians and included the cavalry battalionn of Major W. N. Estes which merged into the 3rd. The regiment operated around the Army of Tennessee, and was in several battles and raids, and in innumerable skirmishes. These included Murfreesboro, Triune, Hoover's Gap, Chickamauga, Bridgeport, Trenton, McAfee's, and Noonday Creek. The regiment was used repeatedly for picket duty and for scouting and distinguished itself for gallantry and endurance.
Field and Staff Officers: Cols. J. R. Howard (resigned); W. N. Estes (KIA, Chattanooga); P. H. Rice (wounded, Georgia); Lt.
Cols. W. N. Estes (promoted); P. E. Rice (Jackson; promoted); G. C. Sandusky (Tennessee; resigned); John McCaskill (Wilcox; wounded);
Majors W. N. Estes (promoted); G. C. Sandusky (promoted); John
McCaskill (promoted); F. M. Corn (DeKalb; resigned); F. C. Reese (Tennessee); Adjutants D. C. Nicholson (transferred); N. Rothrock (KIA, Murfreesboro).
Captains, and Counties from Which the Companies Came:
- DeKalb County: F. M. Corn (promoted); J. T. Hogue
- DeKalb County: Lynch (resigned); Henry Small
- DeKalb County: R. B. Lankford
- Wilcox County: John McCaskill; promoted. To. Robinson
- State of Georgia: Pope (resigned); W. A. Williamson
- State of Georgia: John Bates (resigned); Edmondson
- Jackson County: P. H. Rice (promoted); J. T. Witherspoon
- State of Tennessee: G. C. Sandusky (promoted); W. P. Moore
- DeKalb County: Daniel Clayton (wounded)
The 8th Confederate Cavalry Regiment [aka: 2nd Mississippi and Alabama Cavlary]was organized just after the battle of Shiloh by the consolidation of Brewer's, Bell's, and Baskerville's battalions -- six Alabama, and four Mississippi companies. Brewer's battalion was among the first mounted troops raised in Alabama, and had fought at Shiloh with severe loss. The Eighth Confederate marched with the army into Kentucky, and was engaged in a series of bloody encounters, extending up to and subsequent to the battle of Murfreesboro. It was in Wheeler's dash on Rosecrans' rear during that battle, and was badly cut in two or three cavalry fights shortly after. The regiment lost very severely at Shelbyville, and was engaged at Chicamauga. Near Dalton, May 1864, the regiment had a protracted fight, with heavy loss. During the Dalton-Atlanta campaign the regiment fought as infantry nearly the whole time. It was engaged at Jonesboro, and in the captured of Stoneman. It was with Wheeler in his last grand raid into Tennessee, fighting often, then moved into Virginia, and fought Burbridge at Saltville. The Eighth then pursued Sherman into the Carolinas, sad was in constant contact with him till it surrendered at Greenesboro, less than 100 strong.
Field and Staff Officers: Cols. R. H. Brewer* (Maryland; resigned); W. B. Wade (Mississippi; wounded, East Tennessee; transferred); John S. Prather (Chambers; wounded); Lt. Cols. Baskerville (Mississipi; resigned); Jefferson Falkner (Chambers; resigned); John S. Prather (promoted); John Wright (Tallapoosa); Majors Solon Bell (Chambers; resigned); John S. Prather (promoted); C. C. McCaa (Pickens; KIA, Murfreesboro); John Wright (wounded, Shelbyville; promoted); Knox Miller (Talladega); Adjutant L. L. Goodrich (Mississippi)
Captains, and Counties from Which the Companies Came:
- Talladega: A. W. Bowie (resigned); Stockdale (transferred); Knox Miller (promoted)
- Chambers: Jefferson Falkner (promoted); Robert Moore
- Pickens: C. C. McCaa (promoted); W. M. Ferguson (captured)
- Randolph: Thompson (captured, Tennessee); John H. McElroy (KIA, near Dalton); Joseph A. Mathews (Mississippi; KIA near Columbia, SC)
- Tallapoosa: John Wright (promoted); Lindsey (captured, Tennessee)
- Chambers: Francis Pinckard (died in service); Henry Holmes
(wounded, Boonsville, Jonesboro)
History: George Knox Miller / 8th Confederate Cavalry Regiment, 1861-1865 (unpublished mss., 19??)
Col. Brewer was a graduate of West Point. Promoted to the rank of brigadier general, he was killed in battle in the Valley of Virginia in 1864.
The 10th Confederate Cavalry Regiment was organized at Murfreesboro, by consolidating the battalions of Col. Charles T. Goode and Lt. Col. M. N. Slaughter*--the latter being the cavalry of Hilliard's Legion, which had passed through the Kentucky campaign. Brigaded under General Pegram, the 10th fought at Monticello, losing 8 killed, 19 wounded, and 62 captured. After operating in East Tennessee, the regiment raided into Kentucky and fought in a half dozen severe conflicts, losing 160 men in all. Surprised at Jimtown, the regiment lost about 50 men, mostly captured. At Chicamauga the 10th fought under Gen'l Forrest and again lost heavily. The regiment was often on picket and outpost duyt. Placed in Wade's (afterwards Hume's and Robinson's) Brigade, Kelly's Division, with the First and Third Confederate and a Georgia and Louisiana regiment, the 10th lost heavily at Resaca and New Hope, then performed arduous duty during the Dalton-Atlanta campaign. It was in Wheeler's last raid, moving as far as Saltville, Virginia. Having returned to assist Gen'l John Bell Hood, the 10th proceded to the Carolinas and was engaged at Bentonville. It surrendered with Johnson's army, 300 strong.
Field and Staff Officers: Cols. C. T. Goode (Georgia; wounded, Chicamauga; retired); John B. Rudolph (Lowndes; resigned); William J. Vason (Georgia; wounded, Bentonville); Lt. Cols. M. M. Slaughter (Talladega; wounded, Cleveland; retired); William J. Vason (promoted); Majors John B. Rudolph (wounded, New Hope; promoted); T. F. Holt (Georgia); Adjutants John M. McKleroy (Barbour; transferred to line); Jos. E. Mitchell (Virginia; captured, Kentucky)
Captains, and Counties from Which the Companies Came:
[The other four companies were Georgians.]
- Chambers: Peter M. Rowland (resigned); Charles Phillips (resigned); John M. McKleroy
- Tallapoosa: M. G. Slaughter (resigned); John Slaughter
- Randolph: William Smith (resigned); J. J. Clements (wounded,
- Lowndes: John B. Rudolph (while in battalion; promoted); James
Maynard (resigned); Thomas A. Knight (wounded, Resaca)
- Talladega: Barnes (captured, Kentucky; died as POW); John
- Barbour: James Brazier
History: Lucille Griffith (ed.) / Yours till death: Civil War letters of John W. Cotton (University : University of Alabama Press, 1951).
Slaughter's (17th Alabama) Battalion was commanded by Major M. M. Slaughter of Talladega, and had five companies.
The 15th Confederate Cavalry was organized in early 1864 at Mobile, and it was composed of Alabama and Florida companies which had been on coastal defense duties for two or three years. Placed under the command of Col. Henry Maury, it remained in the vicinity of Mobile and Pensacola for most of 1864, except for a period in the fall when it was sent to Louisiana to play a roll in the fight at Tunica. It served successively in Jenifer's, Reynolds', Patton's, McCulloch's, and Clanton's brigades, Maury's army. It was early described as "full, well mounted and well armed", but by December, it was reported as poorly clad and scantily fed." Then in January 1865, its ranks were filled with citizens from Mobile and the surrounding area, armed with miscellaneous weapons but numbering 1200 men. By February, its numbers were reduced to 800, but its companies were almost always on detached duty, watching and checking for an enemy advance against Mobile. In April 1865, it was sent to establish a courier line to Demopolis, but before this was done, the regiment took part in a disastrous fight at Claiborne where it blew up the magazine and evacuated Choctaw Bluff on the 14th of the month. The greater part of the regiment disbanded, and the few who remained were paroled at Demopolis. Col. Henry Maury was disabled by a wound just before the close of the war and the regiment was commanded by Lt. Col. Myers at Claiborne.
Field and Staff Officers: Col. Harry Maury (Mobile); Lt. Col. Thomas J. Myers (Florida); Major: Robert Partridge (Florida); Adjutant William R. Jordan (Florida)
The 1st Confederate Infantry Battalion was organized in the spring of 1862, made up of companies of recruits from the Second Alabama (its one year enlistment time was expiring). There were three other companies, one each from Florida, Georgia, and Tennessee. The battalion fought at Corinth with small loss. Assigned to Tilghman's brigade, Loring's division, it was at Baker's Creek, with few casualties. Part of the battalion was captured at Vicksburg, the other portion fought at Jackson. It was in Rust's Brigade, Army of Mobile, until April 1863 when it was snet to Bragg's army and brigaded under first Reynolds, then Adams. Ordered to Virginia in March 1864, the battalion was placed in Davis' Brigade, Heth's Division, where it remained to war's end. It was engaged at The Wilderness, 2nd Cold Harbor, and at Petersburg where it lost severely at the attempt to drive the enemy from the Weldon Railroad. At Hatcher's Run (2 April 1865), the battalion was captured, with the entire brigade (although greatly reduced in numbers).
Field and Staff Officers: Lt. Cols. George Hoke Forney (Calhoun; KIA, The Wilderness); Francis B. McClung (Franklin); Majors L. W. O'Bannon* (Louisiana; transferred); George H. Forney (promoted); Francis B. McClung (promoted); A. M. O'Neal (Lauderdale); Adjutants W. J. Scott (Calhoun; wounded, 2nd Cold Harbor)
Captains, and Counties from Which the Companies Came
[The other companies, from Florida, Georgia, and Tennessee, were
originally under Captains J. M. Johnson, Lee, and Bartlett, respectively.]
- Mobile, Calhoun, Jackson: George H. Forney (promoted); A. M.
- Mobile: F. B. McClung (promoted); Mike Donahue (KIA, Weldon
- Mobile: (M. M. Kenny)
Roll of Honor: Pvt. A. J. Sizemore (Co. A, KIA, Bethesda Church); Sgt. A. Hembree (Co. A, Weldon RR); Sgt. A. D. Stoude (Co. B, Welon RR); Pvt. John Dunnigan (Co. D, Weldon RR); Sgt. J. Maddon (Co. F, Weldon RR); Pvt. John McNamara (Co. I, Weldon RR); Cpl. B. J. Hugan (Co. B, Corinth, Port Hudson, Grand Gulf, Baker's Creek, The Wilderness); Pvt. John Kelley (Co. C, Fort Pillow, Corinth, Grand Gulf, Port Hudson); Sgt. Adolph W. Leslie (Co. E, Fort Pillow, Corinth, Port Hudson, Baker's Creek, Jackson, The Wilderness, KIA Spotsylvania); Pvt. Patrick Finegan (Co. F, Corinth, Port Hudson, Grand Gulf, Baker's Creek, The Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Bethesda Church); Pvt. Mitchell Smith (Co. I, Fort Pillow, Corinth, Port Hudson, Grand Gulf, Baker's Creek, Jackson, The Wilderness, Spotsylvania, Liberty Mills, 2nd Cold Harbor)
O'Bannon and Forney were majors before the battalion was entitled to a lieutenant colonel by the addition of the Tennessee and Georgia companies.
The 1st Confederate Infantry [aka: 1st Georgia Confederate Regiment] was organized in the fall, 1861, with men from Georgia, Mississippi, Florida, and Alabama. It was formerly the 36th Georgia (Villepigue's) Infantry. The regiment was involved in the bombardment of Pensacola, then it was assigned to H. R. Jackson's and, in 1865, to R. H. Henderson's Brigade, Army of Tennessee. It participated in the campaigns of that army from Chickamauga to Atlanta, moved with Hood into Tennessee, and ended the war in North Carolina. In the fight at Chickamauga, it lost 46% of the 181 engaged, and totalled 138 men and 108 arms in December 1863. Many of these were disabled in Tennessee, and only a handful surrendered in April 1865.
Field and Staff Officers: Cols. George A. Smith; John B. Villepigue; Lt. Cols. Jacob W. Aderhold; James C. Gordon; Majors Elijah M. Dodson and William S. Lovell
The Third Confederate Infantry Regiment was organized on 31 January 1862 by consolidating the 19th (Marmaduke's) Arkansas Infantry with the 1st Arkansas Battalion. The resulting unit was reorganized with eight companies on 23 April 1862. It fought at Shiloh, Farmington, and Perryville, and was then assigned to Wood's, L. E. Polk's, and Govan's Brigades, Army of Tennessee. From February, 1863 through April, 1864, it was consolidated with the 5th (Smith's) Confederate Infantry Regiment. It fought with the Army of Tennessee from Murfreesboro (casualties: 5 k, 27 w, and 37 mia) through the Atlanta Campaign and continued with the movement to Tennessee with Major Gen'l John Bell Hood, ending the war in North Carolina. The 3rd-5th totalled 338 men and 232 arms in December 1863. In July, 1864, there were only 62 men present for duty, and the regiment was consolidated again with the 1st, 2nd, 5th, 6th, 7th, 8th, 13th, 15th, and 24th Arkansas Infantry Regiments at Smithfield on 9 April 1865, and designated as Co. "K", 1st Arkansas Infantry Consolidated. Only a few surrendered on 26 April 1865.
Field and Staff Officers: Col. John S. Marmaduke; Lt. Cols. John F. Cameron; James C. Cole, James B. Johnson, and Henry V. Keep; Major Henry V. Keep.
This regiment was organized at Mobile in the spring of 1864, and made up of companies which had picketed the coast for two or three years. It remained in the vicinity of Mobile till the fall, when it moved into Louisiana, and was engaged in a brilliant affair at Tunica. The Fifteenth also made head against Smith's army, with small loss. The regiment disbanded at the downfall of the Confederacy, except two or three companies, which were paroled at Demopolis.
Field and Staff Officers:
Captains, and Counties from Which the Companies Came
[The other five companies were from Florida.]
- Mobile: John H. Marshall (wounded, captured, Mississippi City)
- Mobile: William Cottrill (resigned); E. T. Arrington
- Mobile: J. E. Murrell
- Baldwin: T. C. Barlow
- Choctaw: John McKellar
The 1st Confederate Engineers Battalion was organized during the winter of 1863/64 with four companies from Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana, and Missouri. While serving in the Trans-mississippi Department, two companies were stationed in the Galveston area, and two were with Price's Missouri Expedition. The companies at Galveston were included in the surrender in June 1865, but the two serving with Gen'l Price appear to have disbanded near Shreveport, LA.
Field and Staff Officers: Lt. Col. Hugh T. Douglas; Major R. P. Rowley
The 1st Confederate Engineers Regiment was organized at Richmond, Virginia, during the fall of 1863 with men from North Carolina and Virginia. In December of that year, about 250 of these men were repairing roads in the Richmond area. Later, the unit served as prison guards, then they repaired railroads and bridges. During the winter of 1864/65, they built Bevill's Bridge over the Appomattox River, about 25 miles above Petersburg, and they sent a pontoon bridge to the Richmond and Danville Railroad crossing over the Staunton River. In preparing for the spring '65 campaign, the unit readied another pontoon bridge for use at the site of Good's Bridge over the Appomattox. The unit lost 2 k and 28 w during the war, and when the Army of Northern Virginia surrendered, 213 men were present.
Field and Staff Officers: Col. Thomas M. R. Talcott; Lt. Col. William W. Blackford; and Major Peyton Randolph.
The 2nd Confederate Engineers were assembled during the summer of 1863 with men from almost every Confederate state east of the Mississippi River, but it did not serve as a single command. Companies "A" and "E" were stationed at Fort Fisher, North Carolina; "B", "F", and "I" were at Forts Gaines and Morgan, in Alabama; "D" was at Fort McAllister, Georgia; and "C", "G", "H", and "K" were in Virginia. The latter four companies served under Col. T. M. R. Talcott of the 1st Engineers Regiment, for the most part. The individual companies surrendered with the army or department in which they were serving, and those with the Army of Northern Virginia totalled 97 officers and men.
Field and Staff Officers: Major D. Wintter
The 3rd Confederate Engineers were assembled in the summer of 1863 using Presstman's Confederate Engineers Battalion as a nucleus. There were men from Virginia, North Carolina, Kentucky, and Tennessee enrolled in eight companies. Seven of these latter were with the Army of Tennessee in the Atlanta Campaign and with Hood's Tennessee operations, and one was in the Shenandoah Valley with Gen'l Jubal Early. Ultimately, six companies surrendered in North Carolina with the Army of Tennessee; two fought at Waynesborough, Virginia, and disbanded during the spring of 1865.
Field and Staff Officers: Lt. Col. S. W. Presstman; Major John W. Green
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File created, 13 February 1998; last updated, 12 October 1998.