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      eHistory  >  American Civil War Search
FEATURES: MEDICINE [BACK]

Statistics on the Civil War and Medicine

Casualties for the American Civil War:

Union dead:
364,511
Union wounded:
281,881
Total Union Loss:
646,392
Confederate dead:
260,000
Confederate wounded:
194,000
Confederate Total Loss:
454,000

Total number of Dead in the Civil War: 624,511

The Civil War soldier's chances of not surviving the war was about one in four.

Deaths in other U.S. Wars:

4,435 died in the Revolution
2,260 in War of 1812
13,283 in the Mexican War
2,246 in the Spanish American
116,516 in World War I
405,399 in World War II
33,746 in Korea
58,152 in Vietnam

Up until the Vietnam War, the number killed in the Civil War surpassed all other wars combined.

110,100 Union soldiers died in battle: 67,088 KIA, 43,012 MW.
224,580 died of disease.
30,192 died as prisoners of war
24,881 died of non battle causes
1,804 members of the Navy were killed
3,000 died of wound of accident
2,226 were wounded. 1 Army commander, 3 corps commanders, 14 division commanders, and 67 brigade commanders, including 32 generals, were killed in the Union Army.

Confederate KIA and MW 94,000
Died of disease 164,000
Died as prisoners of war 31,000
Wounded: 194,026
1 Army Commander, 3 Corps commanders, 7 division commanders, and 62 brigade commanders were killed in the CSA Army.

Prisoners of War: Union, mortality rate of 15.5%
Confederate: 12%

Medical Statistics

chance of dying: about one in four

For the Union Army:

-1 out of approximately 65 men were killed in action

-1 of 56 died from wounds

-1 of 13.5 died of disease

-1 of 10 was wounded in action

-1 of 15 was captured or reported missing

-1 of 7 captured died in prison

Case Death Rate for Union and Confederates

Disease

"Continued Fevers"  C- 33.27%   U-22.28%

"Malarial Fevers" C-1.15  U-0.95

"Eruptive Diseases" C- 5.12% U-5.27%

"Intestinal Complaints" C-1.48%  U-1.25%

"Pulmonary Diseases" C-18.89% U-2.34%

Ten Top Battles in Casualties
(Based on total casualties - killed, wounded, captured, and missing)

The Battle of Gettysburg
July 1-3, 1863
Location: Pennsylvania
Confederate Commander: Robert E. Lee
Federal Commander: George G. Meade
Confederate Forces Engaged: 75,000
Federal Forces Engaged: 82,289
Winner: Federals
Overall Casualties: 51,112 (U.S. - 23,049 / C.S. - 28,063)

Battle of Chickamauga
September 19-20, 1863
Location: North Georgia
Confederate Commander: Braxton Bragg
Federal Commander: William S. Roscrans
Confederate Forces Engaged: 66,326
Federal Forces Engaged: 58,222
Winner: Confederacy
Overall Casualties: 34, 624 (16,170 - U.S. / 18,454 C.S.)

Battle of Chancellorsville
May 1-4, 1863
Location: Virginia
Confederate Commander: Robert E. Lee
Federal Commander: Joseph Hooker
Confederate Forces Engaged: 60,892
Federal Forces Engaged: 133,868
Winner: Confederacy
Overall Casualties: 30,099 (U.S. - 17,278 / C.S. - 12,821)

Battle of Spotsylvania
May 8-19, 1864
Location: Virginia
Confederate Commander: Robert E. Lee
Federal Commander: Ulysses S. Grant
Confederate Forces Engaged: 50,000
Federal Forces Engaged: 83,000
Winner: Confederacy
Overall Casualties: 27,399 (U.S. - 18,399 / C.S. - 9,000)

Battle of Antietam (Sharpsburg)
September 17, 1862
Location: Maryland
Confederate Commander: Robert E. Lee
Federal Commander: George B. McClellan
Confederate Forces Engaged: 51,844
Federal Forces Engaged: 75,316
Winner: Draw
Overall Casualties: 26,134 (U.S. - 12,410 / C.S. - 13,724)

The Battle of the Wilderness
May 5-7, 1864
Location: Virginia
Confederate Commander: Robert E. Lee
Federal Commander: Ulysses S. Grant
Confederate Forces Engaged: 61,025
Federal Forces Engaged: 101,895
Winner: Inconclusive
Overall Casualties: 25,416 (U.S. - 17,666 / C.S - 7,750)

The Battle of Second Manasas (Second Bull Run)
August 29-30, 1862
Location: Virginia
Confederate Commander: Robert E. Lee
Federal Commander: John Pope
Confederate Forces Engaged: 48,527
Federal Forces Engaged: 75,696
Winner: Confederacy
Overall Casualties: 25,251 (U.S. - 16,054 / C.S. - 9,197)

The Battle of Stone's River (Murfreesboro)
December 31, 1862 - January 3, 1863
Location: Tennessee
Confederate Commander: Braxton Bragg
Federal Commander: William S. Roscrans
Confederate Forces Engaged: 37,739
Federal Forces Engaged: 41,400
Winner: Federals
Overall Casualties: 24,645 (U.S. - 12,906 / C.S. - 11,739)

The Battle of Shiloh
April 6-7, 1862
Location: Tennessee
Confederate Commander: Albert Sidney Johnston/P.G.T. Beauregard
Federal Commander: Ulysses S. Grant
Confederate Forces Engaged: 40,335
Federal Forces Engaged: 62,682
Winner: Federals
Overall Casualties: 23,741 (U.S. - 13,047 / C.S. - 10,694)

The Battle of Fort Donelson
Febuary 13-16, 1862
Location: Tennessee
Confederate Commander: John B. Floyd / Simon B. Buckner
Federal Commander: Ulysses S. Grant
Confederate Forces Engaged: 21,000
Federal Forces Engaged: 27,000
Winner: Federals
Overall Casualties: 19,455 (U.S. - 2,832 / C.S. - 16,623)


USCivilWar.Net wants to thank Jenny Goellnitz for compiling this information.
jgoellnitz@yahoo.com


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