Peloponnesian War

Includes both the First Peloponnesian War (460-445 bc) and the Second or Great Peloponnesian War (431-404 bc). These wars between Greek city-states featured Athens and her allies on one side and Sparta and her allies on the other. The first war ended in a truce with both sides maintaining their primary empires: for Athens the sea and for Sparta the land. The second war ended with the defeat of Athens and Sparta the dominant force in the region.