eHistory logo Primary Sources Section
Primary Sources Home | Search eHistory

The War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies

You are currently in Volume XXX | Pages range from 3 to 835

Go to Page (current volume):  
Index | Previous | Next
OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol 30, Part 2 (Chickamauga)
Page 3 Chapter XIII. KY.,SW.VA.,TENN.,MISS.,N.ALA., AND N.GA.

-mand (two brigades), Van Cleve having been ordered by General Crittenden to leave one brigade with General Wood, and the arrival of the permission to send this division, as requested, were simultaneous, and that Van Cleve marched immediately to Palmer's support, and was in a few minutes hotly engaged. (See General Van Cleve's testimony.) It is also proven beyond doubt that General Crittenden,as soon as Van Cleve became engaged, applied to General Rosecrans for permission to bring up General Wood's command; that he obtained this permission, and immediately brought up General Wood; that General Wood became engaged at the moment of his arrival at General Crittenden's position, and so severely engaged that one of his brigades, commanded by Colonel Buell, lost in a very brief conflict 100 men killed and wounded. (See p.38.) It is clear from the whole evidence, as well as from the official report of the commander-in-chief, that the achievements of the Twenty-first Army Corps and the orders of its commander on the 19th afford no subject for censure. That the arrival of Palmer and afterward of Van Cleve upon the left was opportune is shown not only by all the testimony, but by the rebel papers, which say that the vigorous attack resuming the offensive on that day. (See p.29) A failure to anticipate orders on that day it is obvious would in all probability have resulted in a great disaster.

It is clearly proven that in proportion to its strength the crops of General Crittenden furnished as many men who fought throughout the battle as any other corps; that the officers and men behaved as well as any, and that the corps lost as many killed and wounded and fewer missing than any other corps. (See General Rosecrans' evidence, p.24.) The testimony shows that General Crittenden's command was placed in reserve on the night of the 19th September; that his command was then composed of the two divisions commanded by General Van Cleve and Wood, General Rosecrans having notified General Crittenden that General Palmer would get his orders from General Thomas.

It is clear from the evidence that General Crittenden, on the 20th, was the last general officer to leave the field, and then only when there was no organized body of troops upon the field.

In the absence of charges he is at a loss to know to what points to direct explanations. Only three occur to him which could suggest themselves to any military man, and upon these he has some hesitation in commenting before a military court, explained as they are by the orders produced before this Court and by the testimony of so many officers of intelligence, including General Rosecrans.

1.In the report of General Rosecrans he speaks of the delay in relieving General Negley's command with the command of General Wood. This could not have been intended as a censure upon General Crittenden, for it is shown by General Rosecrans' evidence that his order was given directly to General Wood, and the fact afterward reported to General Crittenden. (See General Rosecrans' evidence, p.20, and also Captain Thomas', aide-de-camp, p.60.) He will add, however, that the commanding general is mistaken in supposing if there was any delay in General Wood relieving General Negley in the line of battle that it was the cause of serious consequences later in the day, because General Wood did relieve General.

THE WAR OF THE REBELLION: A COMPILATION OF THE OFFICIAL RECORDS OF THE UNION AND CONFEDERATE ARMIES.

PREPARED BY

The late Lieutenant Colonel ROBERT N. SCOTT, Third U. S. Artillery.

PUBLISHED UNDER THE DIRECTION OF

The Honorable REDFIELD PROCTOR, Secretary of War,

BY Major GEORGE B. DAVIS, U. S. A.,

MR. LESLIE J. PERRY,

MR. JOSEPH W. KIRKLEY,

Board of Publication.

SERIES I VOLUME XXX IN FOUR PARTS.

PART II-REPORTS.

WASHINGTON:

GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE.

1890.

CHAPTER XIII.

OPERATIONS IN KENTUCKY, SOUTHWEST VIRGINIA, TENNESSEE, MISSISSIPPI, NORTH ALABAMA AND NORTH GEORGIA.

August 11-October 19, 1863.

PART II.*

The Chickamauga Campaign (continued), the East Tennessee Campaign, Wheeler and Roddey's Raid, etc.

SUMMARY OF THE PRINCIPAL EVENTS. +

August 10-22, 1863.-Raid on the Mississippi Central Railroad from the Big Black River, Miss., to Memphis, Tenn., with skirmishes at Payne's Plantation, near Grenada, Miss. (18th); at Panola, Miss.(20th), and at the Coldwater, Miss. (21st).

10-26, 1863.- The Thirteenth Army Corps transferred from Vicksburg, Miss., to Carrollton, La.

12,1863.-The First Division, Ninth Army Corps, arrives from Vicksburg at Covington, Ky.

Skirmish at Big Black River Bridge, Miss.

12-23,1863.-Expedition from Memphis, Tenn., to Grenada, Miss., with skirmishes at Craven's Plantation, Miss. (14th), and Grenada, Miss. (17th).

13,1863.-Skirmish at Jacinto, Miss.

16,1863.-Skirmish near Corinth, Miss.

16-20.1863.-Expedition from Memphis, Tenn., to Hernando, Miss., with skirmish (17th) near Panola, Miss.

16-September 22, 1863.- The Chickamauga Campaign.

16-October 19, 1863.-The East Tennessee Campaign.

19, 1863.-Skirmish at Weems' Springs, Tenn.

20-September 2, 1863.-Expedition from Vicksburg, Miss., to Monroe, La.+

27, 1863.-Skirmish at Mount Pleasant, Miss.

Skirmish near Vicksburg, Miss.

September 1-7,1863.-Expedition from Natchez, Miss., to Harrisonburg, La.

---------------

*Embraces the Confederate reports of the Chickamauga Campaign and the Union and Confederate reports of the East Tennessee Campaign, and all other miscellaneous events, within the territory covered by the volume, from August 16-October 19, 1863.

+Of some of the minor conflicts noted in this Summanry, no circumstantial reports are on file. All such are designated in the Index.

+See Series I, Vol. XXVI, Part I, p. 248.

See Series I, Vol. XXVI, Part I, p. 273.

---------------

Page 3 Chapter XIII. KY.,SW.VA.,TENN.,MISS.,N.ALA., AND N.GA.

OFFICIAL RECORDS: Series 1, vol 30, Part 2 (Chickamauga)
Index | Previous | Next
This symbol external link icon indicates an external link
All images and content are the property of eHistory at The Ohio State University unless otherwise stated.
Copyright © 2014 OSU Department of History. All rights reserved. [citation and copyright information]
eHistory icon