what increased or much diminished. You will readily perceive how important a bearing these and other conditions which I occur to you must have upon my decision when the time arrives to declare it. I do not, however, hesitate to say that in my opinion it is advisable that women and children should leave the city at once.
J. C. PEMBERTON,
Richmond, Va., May 3, 1862.
Major General J. C. PEMBERTON,
Commanding, &c., Charleston:
GENERAL: It is not in my power at this time to send you re-enforcements, and I wish the surplus transportation referred to in your letter of April 23 to be sent to this place as soon as possible. The Quartermaster-General advises that your surplus wagons be sent by Northeastern Railway to Cheraw, under direction of an officer, and proceed thence to Danville by the ordinary roads.
I am, general, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
R. E. LEE,
HDQRS. DEPT. OF SOUTH CAROLINA AND GEORGIA,
Charleston, May 5, 1862.
General S. COOPER,
Adjutant and Inspector General:
GENERAL: I learn indirectly from Captain R. M. Cuyler, ordnance officer at Savannah, Ga., that there are in Richmond, Va., several columbiads, 8-inch and 10-inch, which I might possibly obtain on immediate application for the defense of Savannah. I have had batteries constructed on the bluff at the lower end of the city, for which guns of the heaviest caliber are desirable. Should the enemy succeed in passing the batteries on the flats below the city with these guns in position on the bluff the city itself might perhaps still be held.
I am, &c.,
J. C. PEMBERTON,
GENERAL ORDERS, HDQRS. DEPARTMENT OF S. C. AND GA., No. 11.
Charleston, S. C., May 5, 1862.
I. Martial law having been proclaimed by His Excellency Francis W. Pickens, Governor of the State of South Carolina, and the Executive Council thereof, acting together, in terms and figures as follows:
PROCLAMATION OF MARTIAL LAW.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLINA, EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT,
Columbia, May 1, 1862.
Whereas by virtue of an ordnance adopted by the people of South Carolina in Convention assembled on the 7th day of January, A. D. 1862, power is given to the Governor and Executive Council, acting together, to declare martial law to such extent, in such places, and at such times as shall be required by the exigency of public affairs: