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Responses to Immigration


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Photo Credits

1.  Immigrants on Ellis Island, ca. 1910.
Cited in Oscar Handlin, A Pictorial History of Immigration (1972), 328.  Credited to “Brown Brothers.”

2.  Illustration of immigrants in New York.
Harper’s Weekly, June 26, 1858.

3.  “Sources of Immigration, 1820-1879.”
Goldberg Database.  (Harper Collins Transparency.)

4.  “Sources of Immigration, 1880-1919.”
Goldberg Database.  (Harper Collins Transparency.)

5.  “Immigrants on an Atlantic Liner.”  December 10, 1906.
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-USZ62-11202.

6.  Chinatown.
         Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-USZ62-C4-4637.

7.  “Immigrants Landing at Ellis Island.”
National Archives and Records Administration, Records of the Public Health Service, 1912-1968, 90-G-22D-42.
http://www.archives.gov/exhibits/picturing_the_century/galleries/newcent.html#

8.  Central Pacific Railroad poster, 1885.
Cited in Wasserman, ed., Ellis Island (1991), 50.  Credited to “New York Historical Society.”

9.  An 1885 anti-immigrant brochure.
Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, #88-8676.

10.  Illustration of Dennis Kearney.
Cited in Oscar Handlin, A Pictorial History of Immigration (1972), 158.  Credited to G.W. Peters, New York Public Library.

11.  “The Pope’s Dream.”
The Balch Collection, The Historical Society of Pennsylvania.
http://www.hsp.org/default.aspx?id=394

12.  A 1909 cartoon depicting Uncle Sam as the pied piper.
Ellis Island, National Park Service.  Photo in Wasserman, ed., Ellis Island (1991).

13.  A 1921 cartoon from the Providence Evening Bulletin on immigration restriction.
         Cited in Wasserman, ed., Ellis Island (1991), 105.  Credited to Library of Congress.

14.  “Tenement-House Yard.”
Goldberg Database.  (After the Fact.)

15.  “Street Arabs,” by Jacob Riis.
Jacob Riis, How the Other Half Lives (1890).

16,  Irish Immigrants Playing Baseball.
Cited in Immigrants: The New Americans, 59.  Credited to the George Eastman House, Rochester, New York.

17.  “Progressive Era – Care to the Poor.”
Goldberg Database.  (Conn Images.)

18.  “American Family at Breakfast.”  From the series Citizenship Lessons, 1929.
Cited in Daniel Boorstin, American Civilization (1972), 153.  Credited to Library of Congress.

19.  “Hull-House.”
Jane Addams Collection, Swarthmore College Peace Collection, Exhibit Image #34.
http://www.swarthmore.edu/library/peace/Exhibits/janeaddams/hullhouse.htm

20.  “Jane Addams with a Group of Immigrant Children.”
Jane Addams Name File, The State Historical Society of Wisconsin.
http://us.history.wisc.edu/hist102/bios/1.html

21.  Central Pacific Railroad poster, 1885. 
See number 8.

22.  Illustration of Dennis Kearney. 
See number 10.

23.  A 1921 cartoon from the Providence Evening Bulletin
See number 13.

24.  Irish Immigrants Playing Baseball. 
See number 16.

25.  Victory Liberty Loan poster, “Americans All.”
Ellis Island, National Park Service.  Photo in Wasserman, ed., Ellis Island (1991).

26.  A Puck cartoon of 1899, depicting immigrant voters.
Ellis Island, National Park Service.  Photo in Wasserman, Ellis Island (1991).

27.  “President Advises Nation To Be Calm.”  New York Times, August 4, 1914, p.3.

28.  “Our Navy Needs 18,000 More Men.”  New York Times, October 22, 1914, p.4.

29.  “Theodore Roosevelt Urges ‘Stand by Loyal Americans Who Are of German Blood.’”  Washington Post, April 16, 1918, p.3.

30.  “Theodore Roosevelt.”
Goldberg Database.  (Current History of the World vol.3.)

31.  “Half-Way Americans Not Wanted” (Cut that hyphen)
Cited in Frederick Luebke, Bonds of Loyalty (1974), 141.  Credited to Billy Ireland of the Columbus Dispatch.

32.  “Woodrow Wilson.”
Goldberg Database.  (US History Slide Collection.)

33.  “Camouflage.”  (Hoch der Kaiser)
         Cited in Luebke, 236  Credited to James Montgomery Flagg.

34.  “House for War, Vote Is 373 to 50.”  Chicago Daily Tribune, April 6, 1917, p.1.

35.  “Whip Germans into Giving.”  New York Times, December 27, 1917, p.4.

36.  “His Shelter.”  (German saboteur)
Cited in Luebke, 147.  Credited to Luther Daniels Bradley of the Chicago Daily News.

37.  “Children Holding Anti-German Signs.”
Minnesota Historical Society Photograph Collection, E435.19 r9, 9365.
http://events.mnhs.org/timepieces/Preview.cfm?EventID=233

38.  “Mob Coerces Pro-Germans.”  New York Times, March 31, 1918, p.16.

39.  “German Societies Loyal, They Insist.”  New York Times, November 24, 1917, p.5.

40.  “Anti-German Hysteria.”  (The photo of the German Life Insurance building.)
The Ohio Historical Society, AL06019.
http://www.remarkableohio.org/index.cfm?action=search_markers.marker_details&marker_id=288

41.  “Selection of newspapers published by ethnic groups in the US in 1919.”
Cited in Boorstin, 49.  Credited to the BBC.

42.  “The Thing Won’t Melt!”
Life, November 18, 1915.

43.  “This Is The Enemy.”  Government Poster Contest, 1942.
Cited in John Dower, War Without Mercy (1986), 189.
Image also available at:
http://www.abc.net.au/rn/arts/radioeye/features/warandpeace/gallery/program3/5.htm

44.  “Japan Wars on U.S. and Britain.”  New York Times December 8, 1941, p.1

45.  “Plots of Japanese on Coast Revealed.”  New York Times, December 11, 1941, p.24.

46.  “Instructions to All Persons of Japanese Ancestry, 23 April 1942.”
Balch Broadside Collection, Balch Institute Archives, Historical Society of Pennsylvania.
http://www2.hsp.org/exhibits/Balch%20resources/internment/html/body_instructions.html

47. “Los Angeles, California. Japanese-American evacuation from West Coast areas under U.S. Army war emergency order. Waiting for a train to take them to Owens Valley.”
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-USF33- 013291-M1.
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/fsowhome.html (Item 99)

48.  “Entrance to Manzanar.”
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-USZC4-5549.
http://www.loc.gov/rr/print/coll/109-b.html

49.  “Manzanar from Guard Tower.”
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A351-3-M-4-Bx.
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/collections/anseladams/aamsp.html

50.  “Farm, Farm Workers, Mount Williamson in background.”
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A351-3-M-14.
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/collections/anseladams/aamsp.html

51.  “Mrs. Nakamura and family buying toys (with Fred Moriguchi).”
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-5-M-39.
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/collections/anseladams/aamsp.html

52. “Yonehisa Yamagami, electrician.”
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-61.
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/collections/anseladams/aamsp.html

53.  “Private Margaret Fukuoka, W.A.C.”
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A35-4-M-68.
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/collections/anseladams/aamsp.html

54.  “Portrait of Tom Kobayashi, Lanscape (looking at camera).”
Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, LC-A351-3-M-20.
http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/collections/anseladams/aamsp.html

55.  Pie Chart.
Created by Gregory Kupsky.  Data from Daniels, Guarding the Golden Door (2004), 252-5.

56.  “First of Refugees Arrive on Coast.”
New York Times, April 23, 1975, p.89.

57.  “Boats Carry Cuba Refugees to U.S.”
Chicago Tribune, April 22, 1980, p.3.

58.  “Border Crossings Near Old Record; U.S. to Crack Down.”
New York Times, February 9, 1992, p.1.

59.  “Violence against Illegals Rises on U.S.-Mexican Border.”
Washington Post December 11, 1990, p.A8.

60.  “Penalties Urged for Hiring….”
New York Times. August 29, 2001, p.B7.

61.  “Immigrants aboard Hamburg-America Line’s S.S. Patricia Arriving in New York, 1906.”
See number 5.

62.  A 1909 cartoon depicting Uncle Sam as the pied piper. 
See number 12.

63.  A 1921 cartoon from the Providence Evening Bulletin
See number 13.

64.  A Puck cartoon of 1899, depicting immigrant voters. 
See number 26.

65.  “Progressive Era – Care to the Poor.” 
See number 17.

66. “Los Angeles, California. Japanese-American evacuation from West Coast areas under U.S. Army war emergency order. Waiting for a train to take them to Owens Valley.” 
See number 47.

67.  “Immigrants gaze at Statue of Liberty as S.S. Olympic arrives in New York, ca. 1910.”
Edwin Levick Collection, The Mariners’ Museum, Newport News, VA.  Photo in Wasserman, ed., Ellis Island (1991).

57 images total.

 



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