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Ridpath's History of the World

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iii

CONTENTS OF VOLUME II

CONTENTS LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS INTRODUCTION

 

PAGE iii - X xi - xii xiii -xiv

BOOK EIGHTH-GREECE (Continued).

CHAPTER XL.--RELIGION.

Elements of Greek Faith.-Piety under Frivolity.- Every Man his Own Priest.- Offerings and Sacrifices.- Growth of Priesthood.-Its Influence.-The Prophetic Gift-Dodona and Delphi.-The Sacred Oracle.-The Pythia.-The Delphic College.-Puncture of the Fraud. -Mysteries of Eleusis and Samothrace.-The Eleusinian Festival.-Feast of Dionysus.-The Panathenaea.- The Great Procession.-Greek View of Life and Death. -Human Sympathies.-The Final Scene.-Coffins, Epitaphs, and Tombs. .......... .491-497

CHAPTER XLI.-MYTH AND TRADITION.

The Myth-making Aryans.-Fundamental Unity of Aryan Mythology.--The Greek Legend of Nature.- Zeus and his Offspring.-His Marriages.-Hera.-Poseidon.- Hades.-Athene.-Demeter.-Hestia.-The Prytaneium. -Ares.-Aphrodite. - Her Loves. - Hephaestus.-Phoebus Apollo.-His Oracle.-Artemis.- Hermes.-:Minor Divinities.-Heracles and his Labors. -Descent of the Myth into the Legend.- Mythology a Natural Philosophy.-Intellectual Vigor of the Aryans. -Essence of the Myth.-The Greek Mind and Nature. -The Things to be considered.- Mythology in the Descriptive Stage.-Science and the Myth.-Growth of Myths during Migrations.-Linguistic Metamorphosis the Explanation.-Illustrations of Theory.-Legend of Perseus.-Theseus.-Oedipus.-Cadmus and Europa. - Cecrops.-Asclepios.-The Cyclopes.-Legend of Deucalion.-Prometheus.- Epimetheus and Pandora. -Argonautic Expedition.-Story of the Trojan War, 498-511

CHAPTER XLII.-THE HELLENIC DAWN.

The Boeotian Migration.-Return of the Heraclidae. -Vicissitudes of the Movement.-The Dorians in Peloponnesus.-Previous History of the Peninsula.- Jostling of Other Tribes by the Dorians.-AEolian Confederation.-Ionia.- Doric Hexapolis.-Truer View of these Movements.-Story of Minos of Crete.- Dawn of History. - Elements of Greek Unity. - The Olympian Games. - Prizes and Rewards. - Management of the Festival.-Pythian Celebration.-Games of Nemea.- The Isthmian Games.-The Amphyctionic Council.- Its Duties and Objects.-The First Sacred War.-Relations to Delphic Oracle .......... 512-523

CHAPTER XLIII.-GROWTH AND LAW.

Three States of Peloponnesus.-Seeming Leadership of Argolis. - Growth of Sparta. - Lycurgus and his Work.-Divisions of Population and Land.- Distribution of Power in the State.-The Ephors.-Spartan Education.-The Spartan Child.-Endurance of Spartan Youth.-The Public Mess.-Singing and Playing.- Spartan Contempt of Luxury.-Spartan Mother.-The First Messenian War. - The Second Conflict. - The Warrior Tyrtaeus.-Career of Aristomenes.- Subjection of Messenia.-Tegea conquered.-War with the Argives.-Political Changes in Greece.-Coming of the Despot.-Kingship retained in Sparta.- Sketches of Sicyon and Corinth.-The Despotism of Megara.- Story of Codrus.- The Archonship.-Class Distinctions.-Powers of the State.-Draco and his Laws.- Sacrilege of the Alcmaeonidae.-Appearance of Solon.- His Mission to Sparta.-Plain, Mountain and Shore. -Appeal to Solon.-His Laws.-Division of Citizens. -Assembly and Senate.-Punishment of Crime.-The Statutes registered.-Solon in Exile.-He and Croesus. -His Return to Athens.- Relations with Pisistratus.- Usurpation of the Latter.-He is Exiled.-Third Tyranny.-Benefits to the State.-Hippias and Hipparchus.-Appearance of Clisthenes.-Revolution in the

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