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Battles & Leaders of the Civil War

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THE OPPOSING FORCES AT COLD HARBOR.

Lieut.-Col. William H. Crocker; 9th N. Y., Lieut.-Col. George S. Nichols ; 17th Pa., Lieut.-Col. James Q. Anderson. Reserve Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Wesley Merritt : 19th N. Y. (1st Dragoons), Col. Alfred Gibbs; 6th Pa., Maj. William P. C. Treichel; 1st U. S., Capt. Nelson B. Sweitzer; 2d U. S., Capt. Theophilus F. Rodenbough; 5th U. S., (1) Capt. Abraham K. Arnold.

Second Division, Briregg.

First Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Henry E. Davies, Jr. : 1st Mass., Lieut.-Col. Samuel E. Chamberlain; 1st N. J., Lieut.-Col. John W. Kester; 10th N. Y., Maj. M. Henry Avery ; 6th Ohio, Col. William Stedman; 1st Pa., Col. John P. Taylor. Second Brigade, Col. J. Irvin Gregg: 1st Me., Col. Charles H. Smith ; 2d Pa., Lieut.-Col. Joseph P. Brinton; 4th Pa., Lieut: Col. George H. Covode; 8th Pa., Col. Pennock Huey; 13th Pa., Maj. Michael Kerwin; 16th Pa., Lieut.-Col. John K. Robison.

Third Division, Brig.-Gen. James H. Wilson.

Escort : 8th Ill. (detachment), Lieut. William W. Long.

First Brigade, Col. John B. McIntosh : 1st Conn., Maj. George O. Marcy; 3d N. J., Col. Andrew J. Morrison; 2d N. Y., Col. Otto Harhaus; 5th N. Y., Lieut.-Col. John Hammond; 2d Ohio, Lieut.-Col. George A. Purington; 18th Pa., Maj. John W. Phillips. Second Brigade, Col. George H. Chapman : 3d Ind., Maj. Wi1liam Patton ; 8th N. Y., Maj. Edmund M. Pope; 1st Vt., Maj. William Wells.

FIRST BRIGADE, HORSE ARTILLERY, Capt. James M. Robertson: 6th N. Y., Capt. Joseph W. Martin; B and L, 2d U. S., Lieut. Edward Heaton ; D, 2d U. S., Lieut. Edward B. Williston; M, 2d U. S., Lieut. Carl A. Woodruff; A, 4th U. S., Lieut. Rufus King, Jr. ; C and E, 4th U. S., Lieut. Charles L. Fitzhugh.

ARTILLERY, (2). Brig.-Gen. Henry J. Hunt.

Second Brigade, Horse Artillery, Capt. Dunbar R. Ransom: E and G, 1st U. S., Lieut. Frank S. French; H and I 1st U. S., Capt. Alanson M. Randol; K, 1st U. S., Lieut. John Egan; A, 2d U. S., Lieut. Robert C1arke; G, 2d U. S., Lieut. W. Neil Dennison ; C, F, and K, 3d U. S., Lieut. George F. Barstow. Artillery Park, Lieut. Col. Freeman McGilvery : 15th N. Y. (Second Battalion), Maj. Julius Dieckmann.

EIGHTEENTH ARMY CORPS, (3), Maj.-Gen. William F. Smith.

First Division Brig.-Gen. William T. H. Brooks.

First Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Gilman Marston : 81st N. Y ., Col. Jacob J. DeForest ; 96th N. Y., Col. Edgar M. Cullen ; 98th N. Y., Col. Fred F. Wead ; 139th N. Y., Lieut. Col. Edgar Perry. Second Brigade, Brig.-Gm : 8th Conn., Capt. Charles M. Coit ; 10th N. H., Lieut.-Col. John Coughlin; 13th N. H., Col. Aaron F. Stevens ; 118th N. Y., Capt. Levi S. Dominy. Third Brigade, Col. Guy V . Henry : 21st Conn., Lieut.-Col. Thomas F. Burpee; 40th Mass., Lieut.-Col. George E. Marshall; 92nd N. Y., Lieut.-Col. Hiram Anderson, Jr. ; 58th Pa., Lieut.-Col. Montgomery Martin; 188th Pa., Lieut.-Col. George K. Bowen.

Second Division, Brig.-Gen. James H. Martindale.

First Brigade, Brig.-Gen. George J. Stannard : 23d Mass., Col. Andrew Elwell ; 25th Mass., Capt. Francis E. Goodwin; 27th Mass., Maj. William A. Walker; 9th N. J., Capt. Augustus Thompson ; 89th N. Y., Col. H. S. Fairchild; 55th Pa., Capt. George H. Hill. Second Brigade, Col. Griffin A. Stedman: 11th Conn., Lieut.-Col. William C. Moegling; 8th Me., Maj. William M. McArthur; 2d N. H., Col. Edward L. Bailey; 12th N. H., Maj. John F. Langley; 148th N. Y., Gol. George M. Guion.

THIRD DIVISION, Brig.-Gen. Charles Devens, Jr.

First Brigade, Col. Wi1liam B. Barton : 47th N. Y ., Lieut.-Col. C. R. Macdonald; 48th N. Y., Lieut.-Col. D. W. Strickland; 115th N. Y., Maj. Ezra L. Walrath; 76th Pa., Col. John C. Campbell. Second Brigade, CoI. Jeremiah C. Drake : 13th Ind., Col. Cyrus J. Dobbs; 9th Me., Capt. Robert J. Gray ; 112th N. Y., Capt. J. S. Mathews ; 169th N. Y., Col. John McConihe. Third Brigade, Brig.Gen. Adelbert Ames : 4th N. H., Col. Louis Bell ; 3d N. Y., Col. Samuel M. Alford; 117th N. Y., Col. Alvin White; 142d N. Y., Col. N. Martin Curtis; 97th Pa., Col. Henry R. Guss.

ARTILLERY BRIGADE, Capt. Samuel S. Elder: B, 1st U. S., Capt. S. S. Elder; L, 4th U. S., Lieut. Henry B. Beecher; A, 5th U. S., Lieut. James E. Wilson.
On the 1st of June the Army of the Potomac, at and about Cold Harbor, numbered 103,875 "present for duty," and General W. F. Smith brought from the Army of the James about 10,000, exclusive of 2500 left to guard the landing at White House. The losses of the Union army from June 1st to 12th were as follows :

Command Killed Wounded Captured/Missing Total
Engineers --- 3 --- 3
Second Army Corps 494 2442 574 3,510
Fifth Army Corps 149 749 442 1,340
Sixth Army Corps 483 2064 168 2,715
Ninth Army Corps 219 1126 356 1,701
Eighteenth Army Corps 448 2365 206 3,019
Cavalry Corps 51 328 70 449
Aggregate 1844 9077 1816 12,737

(1) Co's B, F, and K, under Capt. Ju1ius W. Mason, detailed as escort to Lieut.-Gen. U. S. Grant.

(2) See also batteries with divisions and corps.

(3), Temporarily attached to the Army of the Potomac from the Army of the James.

THE CONFEDERATE ARMY, General Robert E. Lee.

The organization of the Army of Northern Virginia at Cold Harbor was substantially the same as at the Wilderness (see p. 183), with the exception of some transfers and consolidations of brigades (notably those of Ed. Johnson's division, which had been badly shattered at Spotsylvania) and the accession of Hoke's old brigade and the divisions of Pickett, Breckinridge, and Hoke.

Insufficient data, however, prevent the preparation of a full list of the troops and commanders. For the same reason the editors have also found it impossible to give the strength of the army. It is nowhere authoritatively stated. Upon this subject Colonel Walter H. Taylor (" Four Years with General Lee," p. 136) rem arks : "The only reenforcements received by General Lee were as follows : Near Hanover Junction he was joined by a small force under General Breckinridge, . . . 2200 strong, and Pickett's division of Longstreet's corps, which had been on detached duty in North Carolina.

Hoke's brigade of Early's division, 1200 strong, which had been on detached duty at the Junction, here also rejoined its division; and at Cold Harbor General Lee received the division of General Hoke, also just from North Carolina-the two divisions (Pickett's and Hoke's) numbering 11,000 men. The aggregate of these reinforcements (14,400 men), added to General Lee's original strength [which Colonel Taylor estimates at 64,000], would give 78,400 as the aggregate of all troops engaged under him from the Wilderness to Cold Harbor."


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