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Battles & Leaders of the Civil War

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THE OPPOSING LAND FORCES AT CHARLESTON.

Siege Operations, August-September, 1863.

UNION.-Morris Island, Brig.-Gen. Alfred H. Terry.

First Brigade, Col. Henry R. Guss : 9th Me., Lieut.-Col. Z. H. Robinson ; 3d N. H., Capt. James F. Randlett; 4th N. H., Lieut.-Col. Louis Bell; 97th Pa., Maj. Galusha Pennypacker.

Second Brigade, Col. Joshua B. Howell : 39th Ill., Col. Thomas O. Osborn; 62d Ohio, Col. F. B.
Pond; รณ7th Ohio, Maj. Lewis Butler; 85th Pa., Maj. Edward Campbell.

Third Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Thomas G. Stevenson: 7th Conn., Col. Joseph R. Hawley; 10th Conn., Maj. Edwin S. Greeley ; 24th Mass., Col. Francis A. Osborn; 7th N. H., Lieut.-Col. J. C. Abbott; 100th N.Y., Col. G. B. Dandy.

Fourth Brigade, Col. James Montgomery: 54th Mass. (colored), Col. M. S. Littlefield ; 2d S. C. (colored), Lieut.-Col. W. W. Marple ; 3d U. S. C. T., Col. B. C. Tilghman.

Fifth Brigade, Col. W. W. H. Davis: 47th N. Y., Maj. C. R. McDonald; Independent Battalion N. Y., Capt. M. Schmitt; 52d Pa., Lieut.-Col. H. M. Hoyt; 104th Pa., Maj. E. L. Rogers.

Artillery, Lieut: Col. R. W. Jackson and Capt. L. L. Langdon : B, 3d R. I., Capt. Albert E. Green ; C, 3d R. I., Capt. Charles R. Brayton; D, 3d R. I., Capt. Richard Gr. Shaw; H, 3d R. I., Capt. Augustus W. Colwell; I, 3d R. I., Capt. Charles G. Strahan; M, 3d R. I., Capt. Joseph J. Comstock, Jr. ; B, 1st U. S., Lieut. Guy V. Henry ; C, 1st U.S. (detachment), Lieut. James E. Wilson; E, 3d U. S., Lieut. John R. My rick ; B, 3d N. Y., Capt. James E. Ashcroft ; F, 3d N. Y., Lieut. Paul Birchmeyer.
Miscellaneous: Detachment 11th Me., Lieut. Charles Sellmer; Detachment I, 1st Mass. Cav., Lieut. Charles V. Holt; 1st N. Y. Engineers, Col. Edward W. Serrell.

North End of Folly Island, Brig.-Gen. Israel Vogdes.
African Brigade,A. Wild: 55th Mass., Col. Norwood P. Hallowell; 1st N. C., Col. James C. Beecher ; 2d N. C. (detachment), Col. Alonzo G. Draper; 3d N. C. (detachment), Capt. John Wi1der.

Foster's Brigade, Brig.-Gen. R. S. Foster : 13th Ind., Col. Cyrus J. Dobbs; 112th N. Y., Col. Jeremiah C. Drake ; 169th N. Y., Col. Clarence Buell.

Alford's Brigade, Col. Samuel M. Alford : 3d N. Y., Lieut.-Col. E. G. Floyd ; 89th N. Y., Col. Harrison S. Fairchild; 103d N. Y., Col. William Heine ; 117th N. Y., Col. Alvin White.

Artillery: 1st Conn., Capt. A. P. Rockwell.

South End of Folly Island: Brig.-Gen. Geo. H. Gordon.

First Brigade, Brig.-Gen. A. Schimmelfennig : 41st N. Y., Lieut.-Col. Detleo von Einsiede1 ; 54th N. Y., Capt. Clemens Knipschi1d ; 127th N. Y., Lieut.-Col. Stewart I.. Woodford; 142d N. Y., Col. N. Martin Curtis; 107th Ohio, Capt. William Smith ; 74th Pa., Capt. Henry Krauseneck.

Second Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Adelbert Ames : 17th Conn., Col. W. H. Noble ; 40th Mass., Lieut. Col. Joseph A. Dalton ; 144th N. Y., Col. David E. Gregory; 157th N. Y., Maj. James C. Carmichael; 25th Ohio, Capt. Nathaniel Haughton; 75th Ohio, Col. A. L. Harris.

Recapitulation of Union losses, July 10th-Sept. 7th :

Killed Wounded Captured/Missing Total
Morris Island, July 10 15 91 --- 106
Battery Wagner, July 11 49 123 167 339
Battery Wagner, July 18 246 880 389 1515
Siege Operations, July 18-Sept. 7 71 278 9 358
Total on Morris Island 381 1372 565 2318

The effective strength of the land forces employed in the direct operations against Charleston, ranged from 11,000 to 16,000.

The loss from Sept. 8th to Dec. 31st, 1863, was 14 killed and 42 wounded = 56.

CONFEDERATE.-First Military District, (1), Brig. Gen. R. S. Ripley.

First Subdivision, Brig.-Gen. William B. Taliaferro : 6th Ga., Col. John T. Lofton; 19th Ga., Col. A. J. Hutchins; 32d Ga., Col. George P. Harrison, Jr. ; 54th Ga., Col. C. H. Way; 31st N. C., Col. John V. Jordon ; 21st S. C., Col. R. F. Graham ; 25th S. C., Col. C. H. Simonton; Marion (S. C.)
Art'y, Capt. E. L. Parker ; Chatham (Ga.) Art y, Capt. John F. Wheaton ; Palmetto (S. C.) Battalion Art'y, Lieut.-Col. E. B. White; S. C. Batt'y, Capt. J. T. Kanapaux; A, 1st S. C. Art'y, Capt. F. D. Blake; Ga. and S. C. Siege Train, Maj. Edward Manigault; 2d S. C. Art'y, Col. A. D. Frederick; S. C. Art'y, Capt. John R. Mathewes ; Gist Guard (S. C.) Art'y, Capt. C. E. Chichester ; 5th S. C. Cav. (4 co's), Col. John Dunovant; Lucas's (S. C.) Battalion, Maj. J. J. Lucas; 23d Ga., Maj. M. R. Ballenger; 27th Ga., Maj. James Gardner; 28th Ga., Capt. W. P. Crawford; 1st, 12th, and 18th Ga. Battalions, Col. C. H. Olmstead; C, F, and I, 1st S. C. Art'y, Lieut.-Col. J. A. Yates; Savannah River Batteries, Capt. W. W. Billop ; 11th S. C., Col. F. H. Gantt.

Second Subdivision: Brig.-Gen. Thomas L. Clingman : 7th S. C. Battalion, Lieut.-Col. P. H. Nelson; 8th N. C., Col. H. M. Shaw; 51st N. C., Col. H. McKethan; 61st N. C., Col. J. D. Radcliffe; 20th S. C., Col. L. M. Keitt; German Art'y, Capt. F. W. Wagener; Inglis (S. C.) Art'y, Capt. W. E. Charles; 1st S. C., Col. William Butler; S. C. Cav .. Capt. A. D. Sparks ; E, 5th S.
C. Cav., Capt. L. A. Whilden; H and K, 1st S. C. Art'y, Capts. H. R. Lesesne and A. S. Gaillard. Third Subdivision (Morris Island), Brig.-Gen. A. H. Colquitt : [The troops of this command were drawn from other subdivisions and appear in the commands to which they properly belonged.]

Fourth Subdivision (Fort Sumter, ColMaj. Stephen Elliott, Jr.: B, D, arid E, 1st S. C. Art'y ; B, 27th Ga. ; F, 28th Ga. Castle Pinckney and Fort Ripley : G, 1st S. C. Art'y, Capt. W. H. Peronneau. [Subsequent to the fall of Morris Island other troops were detailed, in turn, to garrison Fort Sumter.]

Fifth Subdivision, Brig.-Gen. W. G. DeSaussure: 1st S. C. (Mil.), Col. Ed. Magrath; 1st S. C. Art'y (Mil.), Col. J. A. Wagener; 18th S. C. (Mi1.), Col. J. E. Carew; Battalion State Cadets, Maj. J. B. White; D and H, 5th S. C. Cav., Lieut.-Col. R. J. Jeffords ; K, 4th S. C. Cav., Capt. R. H. Colcock; S. C. Battery, Capt. W. E. Earle; Charleston Battalion, Maj. Ju1ius A. Blake.

Evans's Brigade. (2) , Brig: Gen. N. G. Evans : 17th S. C ., Col. F. W. McMaster; 18th S. C., Col. W. H. Wallace ; 22d S. C., Col. S. D. Goodlett; 23d S. C., Col. H. L. Benbow ; 26th S. C., Col. A. D. Smith ; Holcombe Legion, Lieut.-Col. W. J. Crawley. Anderson's Brigade,(2) Brig. Gen. G. T. Anderson : 7th Ga., Col. W. W. White ; 8th Ga., Col. John R. Towers ; 9th Ga., Col. B. Beck ; 7th Ga., Col. F. H. Little ; 59th Ga., Col. Jack Brown. Wise's Brigade, (2) Brig.-Gen. Henry A. Wise : 59th Va., Col. P. R. Page ; 4th Va. Heavy Art'y , Col. J. T. Goode ; 46th Va ., Col. R. T. W. Duke ; 59th Va., Col. W. B. Tabb.

General Beauregard, in his official report, says : " The total loss in killed and wounded on Morris Island from July 10th to Sept. 7th was only 641 men; and deducting the killed and wounded due to the landing on July 11th and 18th, the killed and wounded by the terrible bombardment, which lasted almost uninterruptedly, night and day, during fifty-eight days, only amounted to 296 men, many of whom were only slightly wounded. It is still more remarkable that during the same period of time, when the enemy fired 6202 shots and shells at Fort Sumter, varying in weight from 30 to 300 pounds, only three men were killed and 49 wounded." The entire loss in the defenses of Charleston from July 10th to September 7th was 157 killed, 674 wounded, and 159 captured(See "Official Records," Vol. XXVIII., Part I., p. 409.)
It is estimated that the force defending the immediate approaches to Charleston ranged from 6500 to 18,000.

(1) The troops and commanders employed in the defense of Morris Island were relieved from time to time. The commanders were Brig.-Gen. W. B. Taliaferro, Brig..Gen. Johnson Hagood, Brig.-Gen. A. H. Colquitt, Col. R. F. Graham, Col. George P. Harrison, Jr., and Col. L. M. Keitt.

(2) Joined after capture of Morris Island by Union forces.


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