Battles & Leaders of the Civil War
THE OPPOSING LAND FORCES AT CHARLESTON.
Siege Operations, August-September, 1863.
UNION.-Morris Island, Brig.-Gen. Alfred H. Terry.
First Brigade, Col. Henry R. Guss : 9th Me., Lieut.-Col. Z. H. Robinson ; 3d N. H., Capt. James F. Randlett; 4th N. H., Lieut.-Col. Louis Bell; 97th Pa., Maj. Galusha Pennypacker.
Second Brigade, Col. Joshua B. Howell : 39th Ill., Col. Thomas O. Osborn; 62d Ohio, Col. F. B.
Third Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Thomas G. Stevenson: 7th Conn., Col. Joseph R. Hawley; 10th Conn., Maj. Edwin S. Greeley ; 24th Mass., Col. Francis A. Osborn; 7th N. H., Lieut.-Col. J. C. Abbott; 100th N.Y., Col. G. B. Dandy.
Fourth Brigade, Col. James Montgomery: 54th Mass. (colored), Col. M. S. Littlefield ; 2d S. C. (colored), Lieut.-Col. W. W. Marple ; 3d U. S. C. T., Col. B. C. Tilghman.
Fifth Brigade, Col. W. W. H. Davis: 47th N. Y., Maj. C. R. McDonald; Independent Battalion N. Y., Capt. M. Schmitt; 52d Pa., Lieut.-Col. H. M. Hoyt; 104th Pa., Maj. E. L. Rogers.
Artillery, Lieut: Col. R. W. Jackson and Capt. L. L. Langdon : B, 3d R. I., Capt. Albert E. Green ; C, 3d R. I., Capt. Charles R. Brayton; D, 3d R. I., Capt. Richard Gr. Shaw; H, 3d R. I., Capt. Augustus W. Colwell; I, 3d R. I., Capt. Charles G. Strahan; M, 3d R. I., Capt. Joseph J. Comstock, Jr. ; B, 1st U. S., Lieut. Guy V. Henry ; C, 1st U.S. (detachment), Lieut. James E. Wilson; E, 3d U. S., Lieut. John R. My rick ; B, 3d N. Y., Capt. James E. Ashcroft ; F, 3d N. Y., Lieut. Paul Birchmeyer.
North End of Folly Island, Brig.-Gen. Israel Vogdes.
Foster's Brigade, Brig.-Gen. R. S. Foster : 13th Ind., Col. Cyrus J. Dobbs; 112th N. Y., Col. Jeremiah C. Drake ; 169th N. Y., Col. Clarence Buell.
Alford's Brigade, Col. Samuel M. Alford : 3d N. Y., Lieut.-Col. E. G. Floyd ; 89th N. Y., Col. Harrison S. Fairchild; 103d N. Y., Col. William Heine ; 117th N. Y., Col. Alvin White.
Artillery: 1st Conn., Capt. A. P. Rockwell.
South End of Folly Island: Brig.-Gen. Geo. H. Gordon.
First Brigade, Brig.-Gen. A. Schimmelfennig : 41st N. Y., Lieut.-Col. Detleo von Einsiede1 ; 54th N. Y., Capt. Clemens Knipschi1d ; 127th N. Y., Lieut.-Col. Stewart I.. Woodford; 142d N. Y., Col. N. Martin Curtis; 107th Ohio, Capt. William Smith ; 74th Pa., Capt. Henry Krauseneck.
Second Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Adelbert Ames : 17th Conn., Col. W. H. Noble ; 40th Mass., Lieut. Col. Joseph A. Dalton ; 144th N. Y., Col. David E. Gregory; 157th N. Y., Maj. James C. Carmichael; 25th Ohio, Capt. Nathaniel Haughton; 75th Ohio, Col. A. L. Harris.
Recapitulation of Union losses, July 10th-Sept. 7th :
The effective strength of the land forces employed in the direct operations against Charleston, ranged from 11,000 to 16,000.
The loss from Sept. 8th to Dec. 31st, 1863, was 14 killed and 42 wounded = 56.
CONFEDERATE.-First Military District, (1), Brig. Gen. R. S. Ripley.
First Subdivision, Brig.-Gen. William B. Taliaferro : 6th Ga., Col. John T. Lofton; 19th Ga., Col. A. J. Hutchins; 32d Ga., Col. George P. Harrison, Jr. ; 54th Ga., Col. C. H. Way; 31st N. C., Col. John V. Jordon ; 21st S. C., Col. R. F. Graham ; 25th S. C., Col. C. H. Simonton; Marion (S. C.)
Second Subdivision: Brig.-Gen. Thomas L. Clingman : 7th S. C. Battalion, Lieut.-Col. P. H. Nelson; 8th N. C., Col. H. M. Shaw; 51st N. C., Col. H. McKethan; 61st N. C., Col. J. D. Radcliffe; 20th S. C., Col. L. M. Keitt; German Art'y, Capt. F. W. Wagener; Inglis (S. C.) Art'y, Capt. W. E. Charles; 1st S. C., Col. William Butler; S. C. Cav .. Capt. A. D. Sparks ; E, 5th S.
Fourth Subdivision (Fort Sumter, ColMaj. Stephen Elliott, Jr.: B, D, arid E, 1st S. C. Art'y ; B, 27th Ga. ; F, 28th Ga. Castle Pinckney and Fort Ripley : G, 1st S. C. Art'y, Capt. W. H. Peronneau. [Subsequent to the fall of Morris Island other troops were detailed, in turn, to garrison Fort Sumter.]
Fifth Subdivision, Brig.-Gen. W. G. DeSaussure: 1st S. C. (Mil.), Col. Ed. Magrath; 1st S. C. Art'y (Mil.), Col. J. A. Wagener; 18th S. C. (Mi1.), Col. J. E. Carew; Battalion State Cadets, Maj. J. B. White; D and H, 5th S. C. Cav., Lieut.-Col. R. J. Jeffords ; K, 4th S. C. Cav., Capt. R. H. Colcock; S. C. Battery, Capt. W. E. Earle; Charleston Battalion, Maj. Ju1ius A. Blake.
Evans's Brigade. (2) , Brig: Gen. N. G. Evans : 17th S. C ., Col. F. W. McMaster; 18th S. C., Col. W. H. Wallace ; 22d S. C., Col. S. D. Goodlett; 23d S. C., Col. H. L. Benbow ; 26th S. C., Col. A. D. Smith ; Holcombe Legion, Lieut.-Col. W. J. Crawley. Anderson's Brigade,(2) Brig. Gen. G. T. Anderson : 7th Ga., Col. W. W. White ; 8th Ga., Col. John R. Towers ; 9th Ga., Col. B. Beck ; 7th Ga., Col. F. H. Little ; 59th Ga., Col. Jack Brown. Wise's Brigade, (2) Brig.-Gen. Henry A. Wise : 59th Va., Col. P. R. Page ; 4th Va. Heavy Art'y , Col. J. T. Goode ; 46th Va ., Col. R. T. W. Duke ; 59th Va., Col. W. B. Tabb.
General Beauregard, in his official report, says : " The total loss in killed and wounded on Morris Island from July 10th to Sept. 7th was only 641 men; and deducting the killed and wounded due to the landing on July 11th and 18th, the killed and wounded by the terrible bombardment, which lasted almost uninterruptedly, night and day, during fifty-eight days, only amounted to 296 men, many of whom were only slightly wounded. It is still more remarkable that during the same period of time, when the enemy fired 6202 shots and shells at Fort Sumter, varying in weight from 30 to 300 pounds, only three men were killed and 49 wounded." The entire loss in the defenses of Charleston from July 10th to September 7th was 157 killed, 674 wounded, and 159 captured(See "Official Records," Vol. XXVIII., Part I., p. 409.)
(1) The troops and commanders employed in the defense of Morris Island were relieved from time to time. The commanders were Brig.-Gen. W. B. Taliaferro, Brig..Gen. Johnson Hagood, Brig.-Gen. A. H. Colquitt, Col. R. F. Graham, Col. George P. Harrison, Jr., and Col. L. M. Keitt.
(2) Joined after capture of Morris Island by Union forces.