Battles & Leaders of the Civil War
THE OPPOSING FORCES AT PORT HUDSON.
deserters before the surrender, and about 700 killed and wounded. Our loss was 707 killed, 3336 wounded, 319 missing,- total, 4362.
The army was greatly assisted by Admiral Farragut's fleet above and below Port Hudson, and directly by two fine batteries forming part of the siege works, manned by seamen under Lieutenant-Commander Edward Terry.
While the ceremonies of capitulation were going on, Weitzel led Augur's division aboard the transports and hastened to Donaldsonville to drive Taylor out of the La Fourche. Grover followed. On the 13th, at Koch's plantation, Green and Major suddenly fell upon Weitzel's advance, composed of Dudley's w brigade and D wight's under Colonel Joseph S. Morgan, and handled them roughly. We lost 50 killed, 223 wounded, 186 missing,- total, 465,- as well as 2 guns while Green's loss was 3 killed and 30 wounded. As the gun, boats could not be got round to Berwick Bay in time to cut off Taylor, he crossed Berwick Bay on the 21st with all his spoils that he could car ry away and took post on the lower Teche, until in September the Nineteenth Corps, reorganized and placed under the command of Franklin, once more advanced into the Teche country and drove him back toward Opelousas.
After the fall of Vicksburg and Port Hudson, Grant sent Herron's division , and the Thirteenth Corps under Ord, to report to Banks. Banks went to Vicksburg to consult with Grant, and Grant came to New Orleans ; together they agreed with Admiral Farragut in urging an immediate attack on Mobile. This was the only true policy; success would have been easy and must have influenced powerfully the later campaigns that centered about Chattanooga and Atlanta; but for reasons avowedly political rather than military, the Government ordered, instead, an attempt to " plant the flag at some point in Texas." The unaccountable failure at Sabine Pass followed, (1) then the occupation of the Texan coast by the Thirteenth Corps. So the favorable moment passed and 1863 wore away.
(1) In September a detachment of the Nineteenth Corps, under Franklin, convoyed by the navy, was sent by sea to effect a landing at Sabine Pass, and thence operate against Houston and Galveston; but the gun-boats meeting with a disaster in an encounter with the Confederate batteries, the expedition returned to New Orleans without having accomplished anything.- R. B. I.
THE OPPOSING FORCES AT PORT HUDSON, LA.May 23d-July 8th, 1863.
Tho composition, losses, and strength of each army as here stated give the gist of all the data obtainable in the Official Records. K stands for killed ; w for wounded ; m w for mortally wounded ; m for captured or missing ; c for captured.
THE UNION ARMY.
NINETEENTH ARMY CORPS.-Major-General Nathaniel P. Banks.
FIRST DIVISION, Maj.-Gen. Christopher C. Augur.
First Brigade, Col. Edward P. Chapin (k), Col. Charles J. Paine : 2d La., Col. Charles J. Paine, Lieut.-Col. Charles Everett ; 21st Me., Col. Elijah D. Johnson ; 48th Mass., Col. Eben F. Stone ; 49th Mass., Lieut.-Col. Burton D. Deming (k), Maj. Charles T. Plunkett ; 116th N. Y., Capt. John Higgins. Brigade loss: k, 94; w, 412; m, 20=526. Second Brigade, Brig.-Gen. Godfrey Weitzel (also commanding the right wing, a provisional division, etc.), Col. Stephen Thomas: 12th Conn., Lieut.-Col. Frank H. Peck (w); 75th N. Y., Col. Robert B. Merritt; 114th N. Y., Col. Elisha B. Smith (m w), Lieut.-Col. Samuel R. Per Lee; 160th N. Y., Lieut.-Col. John B. Van Petten; 8th Vt., Col. Stephen Thomas, Lieut.-Col. Charles Dillingham. Brigade loss : k, 67 ; w, 406 ; m, 16=489. Third Brigade, Col. Nathan A. M. Dudley : 30th Mass., Lieut.-Col. William W. Bullock; 50th Mass., Col. Carlos P. Messer; 161st N. Y., Col. Gabriel T. Harrower; 174th N. Y., Maj. George Keating. Brigade loss : k, 5; w, 47 ; m, 3 = 55. Artillery : 1st Ind. Heavy , Col. John A. Keith; 1st Me., Lieut. John E. Morton; 6th Mass., Lieut. John F. Phelps; 12th Mass. (section), Lieut. Edwin M.