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Ramses II
  Category:   Egyptian Pharoah
 
  Born:   ?  
 
  Died:   ?  

Overview:   Dynasty: 19
Reign: 1293 - 1185 BC
 
Biography:   The long reign of Ramses II lasted 67 years. After succeeding his father on the throne he lived to be at least 90 years old and claimed to have 100 sons and daughters. As the single most prolific builder of all the Pharoahs, Ramses is remembered on countless monuments and steles. Despite all of his monument building he still had his own name placed on monuments built by past kings as well.

Ramses frequently used his temples propagandize his role as a successful military leader. In truth he did lead many campaigns most of which were against the Hitites. But he apparently had little real success despite the lengthy written tributes to himself. His victory at the Battle of Kadesh for example is recorded in great detail on at least half a dozen different sites. At some sites there are two or three different versions of inscriptions. Yet by all reliable accounts the battle was at best a draw. Ramses did eventually settle his dispute with the Hitites by treaty and by marrying one of the Hitite princesses.

Ramses is believed to be the Pharoah mentioned in the Biblical story of the Exodus. There is no corroborating evidence for this but the Egyptians rarely recorded anything less than a perceived victory.

As a builder Ramses greatest accomplishment is the Great Temple of Abu Simbel. Inaugurated in 1256, Abu Simbel had four sixty foot sculptures carved directly out of a rock mountainside in Nubia. This monument was deemed so extrordinary that when it was threatened by the building of the Aswan Dam many nations went together and "rescued" it. Over a period of years, engineers dismantled the face of the mountain with all it's carving and it's interior temple rooms and relocated them out of the way of the flooding in 1967.

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THESE ARE ARCHIVED PAGES OF THE OLD EHISTORY SITE
These pages are not actively maintained and may have errors in content and functionality