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West Bank and Gaza Strip

Map of West Bank and Gaza Strip
Name: West Bank and Gaza Strip
Continent: Asia
Population: 3,400,000
Religion: Muslim 82%; Jewish 12%; Christian & Other 6%

Map of Gaza Strip
The Gaza Strip and the West Bank are governed by the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) headed by Chairman Yasser Arafat. While the areas are predominately settled by Arabs some Jewish people also live there.

The West Bank and Gaza Strip were part of the British Mandate of Palestine from 1920 to 1947. After the UN partition of 1948 and the failure of the creation of an Arab state envisioned by the partition, the West Bank was annexed by Jordan on April 24, 1950.

In 1948, during the First Arab-Israeli War, Egypt occupied the Gaza Strip. It formally came under the control of Egypt by the terms of the Arab-Israeli armistice agreement signed in 1949. In October 1967, Israeli forces occupied both the Gaza Strip and the West Bank during the Six Day War.

In April 1993, after two decades of uprisings, negotiations, and armed conflicts, Israel and the PLO agreed during secret negotiations to gradually extend self-government of both regions to the Palestinians.

 
Timeline of Events
Date Event
1193
4 March 1193 Saladin dies
1936
  1936 1936 - 1939 Arabs revolt across Palestine
1939
  1939 British issues paper promising an independent Arab state in Palestine within ten years.
1947
  1947 UN takes over Palestinian issue from Britain. UN votes to divide Palestine into a Jewish state and an Arab state; Jerusalem is to be an international city.
1948
14 May 1948 First Arab-Israeli Wars begins
15 May 1948 The State of Israel is officially created; David Ben Gurion becomes first Prime Minister.
1949
  1949 Egypt, Lebanon, Transjordan, and Syria sign armistice agreement with Israel
1969
  1969 Yasser Arafat becomes head of the Palestine Liberation Organization
1982
  1982 Yasser Arafat and PLO leadership exiled to Tunis
1987
  1987 Palestinian uprising 'Intifada' breaks out in Gaza strip
1994
  1994 Yasser Arafat returns to Palestinian soil

Go here for timeline sources.



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