France

Population: 
65312000

Although ultimately a victor in World Wars I and II, France suffered extensive losses in its empire, wealth, manpower, and rank as a dominant nation-state. Nevertheless, France today is one of the most modern countries in the world and is a leader among European nations. Since 1958, it has constructed a hybrid presidential-parliamentary governing system resistant to the instabilities experienced in earlier more purely parliamentary administrations. In recent decades, its reconciliation and cooperation with Germany have proved central to the economic integration of Europe, including the introduction of a common exchange currency, the euro, in January 1999. In the early 21st century, five French overseas entities - French Guiana, Guadeloupe, Martinique, Mayotte, and Reunion - became French regions and were made part of France proper.

Ethnicity: 
Celtic and Latin with Teutonic, Slavic, North African, Indochinese, Basque minorities", "overseas departments:"=>"black, white, mulatto, East Indian, Chinese, Amerindian
Religion: 
Roman Catholic 83%-88%, Protestant 2%, Jewish 1%, Muslim 5%-10%, unaffiliated 4%", "overseas departments:"=>"Roman Catholic, Protestant, Hindu, Muslim, Buddhist, pagan

Country information from the CIA World Factbook.