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The earl of Buckingham passed over with an army from England to help the duke of Brittany, who was hard pressed. He arrived at Calais in July 1380, and passed through France. At Bethune they met the duke of Saxony on his way to England on the matter of the proposed marriage of the (zing of England. The En,; lisp army was pursued by the lord de Coucy and others, but continued their march by Peronne, Laon and Rheims to Troyes, in which city was the duke of Burgundy.

After some fighting at the barriers they passed on towards Sens, making war always in the name of the duke of Brittany and not of the king of England. The king of France wrote to them of Nantes, reminding them of their treaties with him and asking them not to receive the English. They replied that they would not aid any of the king's enemies, and desired the king to send aid to Nantes. Of this the duke of Brittany, whowas at Vannes, knew nothing. The English army passed through Beauce and took the way to Vendome The king of France fell sick and sent for the dukes of Berry, Burgundy and Bourbon, to whom he delivered his dying charge, but did not send Jar the duke of Anjou, because he mistrusted him. Nevertheless when he died, the duke of Anjou took on him the ordering of the realm above all other. The duke of Brittany sent to meet the earl of Buckingham and the English army and re-uested them to tome to Rennes, as thepeople of Nantes were rebellious. They met, and agreed to go and lay siege to Nantes, which accordingly the English did. King Charles the sixth was crowned on All Saints' day with great solemnity, and so came to Paris. The English at Nantes waited in vain for the duke of Brittany, who could not persuade his people to go with him. The garri-son of Nantes made many attacks on the besiegers, whose provisions began to fail, while they of the lawn had plenty by the river. At length the earl of Buckingham raised the siege and went to Vannes, where the duke of Brittany met him and excused himself fairly. So the English lay that winter at Vannes and about Hennebont, Quimperle and other places. Meanwhile the duke of Brittany sent secrets to make his peace with the French king. Certain deeds of arms were done before the earl of Buckingham between French and English knights and squires. The duke of Brittany made his peace with the French king by means of the duke of Anjou, and the English returned to their own country. A'ow let us return to the business of Flanders.

CHAPTER CCCLXXV

How the war began again between the earl of Flanders and the Flemings, and how they of Ypres were discomfited by a bushment.

IT is of truth that the earl of Flanders at this beginning feared little the Flemings nor the Gauntois, for he thought well to bring them under by wisdom and by arms little and little, and specially sith that John Lyon and John Pruniaux were dead. But the Gauntois had as then other great captains, in whom they had great affiance and did all by their counsel, and Ralph de Herselle was captain of the chatelainy of Gaunt, and John of Launoit captain of Courtray, and there were other captains, as John Boele, Peter du Bois, Arnold de Clerck and Peter of Wintere. The same season there was a strife between the great men and the commons within the town of Bruges: for the mean crafts would have had everything at their pleasure and the great men would not suffer it, and so they rebelled : and a certain weavers and fullers were slain and the other appeased. Then the great men of Bruges sent to the earl to Lille, desiring him for God's sake to come to them as their chief lord and to help to subdue the commons. The earl was glad to hear that tidings and so departed Lille, and sir William of Namur in his company and a great number of knights and squires of Flanders, and so came to Bruges, where he was received with great joy. And at the earl's coming there were taken all the principals of them that had their hearts Gauntois and such as were suspect, and so were put in prison more than five hundred, and little and little their beads were stricken off. And w



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