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every man should obey him as God on earth. The king of Spain was of the same opinion, and so was the earl of Savoy, the duke of Milan and the queen of Naples. The believing thus of the French king upon Clement coloured greatly his deeds,' for the realm of France was reputed to be the chief fountain of belief of the Christian faith, because of the noble churches and prelacies that be therein. As then lived Charles of Bohemia, king of Almaine and emperor of Rome, who was at Prague in Bohemia and was advertised of all these matters, whereof he had great marvel ; and though that his empire of Almaine, except the bishopric of Treves, believed in faith, courage and intention in pope Urban and would not hear speaking of any other, yet he feigned and dissimuled all his lifetime, and would answer when he was spoken to of that matter so courteously, that all his barons and prelates of his realm were content. Howbeit, the churches of the Empire obeyed pope Urban, but Scotland held of Clement. The earl Louis of Flanders was greatly against Clement in the parts of Brabant, Hainault and in Liege, for he would ever abide to be Urbanist, saying how they did the same pope great wrong; and this earl was so believed and renowned in those parts where he was conversant, that the churches and lords held of the same opinion. But they of Hainault and the churches there, and the lord, called Albert, abode as neuter and obeyed no more to one than to the other ; wherefore the bishop of Cambray that reigned at that time, called John, lost in Hainault all the revenues of his temporalities. And in the same season there was sent into France, into Hainault, into Flanders and into Brabant from pope Clement, the cardinal of Poitiers, a right wise, valiant and a sage clerk, to ensign and to preach to the people, for he was at the first election ; and there he shewed how by constraint they chose first the archbishop of Bari to be pope. The French king and his brethren and the prelates of France meekly received him and gladly intended to his business and words, for it seemed to them that he spake all truth, and so gave faith Couloura grandement son fait'; that is, `greatly strengthened bis position.' to him. And when he had been a season in France, then he went into Hainault, where he was also joyously received: in like wise so he was in Brabant both of the duke and of the duchess, but he did there nothing else. He thought in his returning to have gone into Liege, but he took other counsel and went not thither, but returned to Tournay, and thought to have gone into Flanders to have spoken with the earl; but it was shewed him that he had nothing to do there, because the earl held and would hold of Urban and so to live and die: Then the cardinal departed from Tournay and went to Valenciennes, and so to Cambray, and there he lay a long space in hope always to hear some good tidings. Thus the Christian realms were in variation and the churches in great difference because of the popes. Urban had the greater part, but to speak of the most profitable revenues and plain obesiance, Clement had it; and so Clement by consent of the cardinals sent to Avignon to make ready the palace there for him, for his intent was to go thither as soon as he might, and so he went to the city of Fondest and there opened his graces. Thither drew all manner of clerks, such as would take grace; and he kept about in villages many soldiers, who made great war to Rome and to the bourage of Saint Peter,' and travailed them day and night with divers assaults and scrimmishes. And also they that were in the castle Angelo without Rome did much trouble to the Romans; but they of Rome enforced themselves so with soldiers Almains and with the puissance of Rome, so that they assembled together on a day and conquered the bourage of Saint Peter. Then the Bretons drew them into the castle of Angelo : howbeit, they were so handled by force of arms, that they gave it up, their lives saved. Then the Bretons departed and drew to Fondes and thereabout in the country, and the Romans beat down the castle Ang



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