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CHAPTER CCCXLVI

Of the schism that was made in the Church and the manner how, and of the Bretons who made war to Rome: and of the queen of Naples, who put all her lands into the pope's hands.

IT hath been long sith I spake of holy Church : now I will return thereto ; the matter requireth it. Ye have well heard herebefore, how by the exhortation of the Romans the cardinals who as then reigned, to appease the people of Rome, who were greatly moved against them, made a pope of the archbishopric of Bari, called before Bartholomew des Aigles. He received the papality and was called Urban the sixth, and so opened grace, as the usage was. The intention of divers of the cardinals was, that when they might see a better hour and time, they would again return to their election, because this pope was not profitable for them, nor also to the Church, as they said, for he was a furnish man and melancholious, so that when he saw himself in prosperity and in puissance of the papality, and that divers kings christened were joined to him and wrote to him and did put them under his obeisance, whereof he waxed proud and worked all on head,' and would have taken from the cardinals divers of their rights and old customs, the which greatly displeased them. And so they spake together and imagined how he was not well worthy to govern the world ; wherefore they purposed to choose another pope, sage and discreet, by whom the Church should be well governed. To this purpose the cardinals put to all their pain, and specially he that was after chosen to be pope. Thus all a summer they were in this purpose, for they that intended to make a new pope durst not show their minds generally because of the Romans ; so that in the time of the vacation in the court divers cardinals departed from Rome and went about Rome 2 to sport them in divers places at their pleasure. And pope Urban went to another city called Tyeulle,-' and there he lay a long season in this vacation time, which might not long endure,

1 That is, acted in a headstrong manner. 2 ` Environ Rome.' s Tivoli. for at Rome there were many clerks of sundry places of the world abiding for graces, the which was promised to divers of them. Then the cardinals all of one accord assembled together, and their voices rested on sir Robert of Geneva, sometime son to the earl of Geneva. His first promotion was he was bishop of Terouanne, and after bishop of Cambray, and he was called cardinal of Geneva. At this election were the most part of the cardinals, and he was called Clement. The same season there was in the marches of Rome a right valiant knight of Bretayne called Silvester Bude, and he had under him a two thousand Bretons: and in the year before he had right well borne himself against the Florentines under pope Gregory, who had cursed them because of the rebellion, and by the means of this Silvester Bude they were come to mercy. Then pope Clement and the cardinals of his part secretly sent for him and his company, and so he came and entered into the castle Angelo, the better to constrain the Romans. So pope Urban durst not depart from Tyeulle, nor such cardinals as were of his accord, for doubt of the Bretons, they were so great a number and all chosen men of war. And when the Romans saw themselves in that danger, they sent for other soldiers, Almains and Lombards, and so daily they scrimmished with the Bretons. Clement opened his graces to all clerks, such as would have it, and so he signified his name over all the world. And when the French king who as then reigned was certified thereof, he had great marvel and sent for his brother and for all the nobles and prelates of his realm and for the rector and master doctors of the university of Paris, to know of them to which election, other the first or the second, that he should hold unto. This matter was not shortly determined, for divers clerks varied, but finally all the prelates of France inclined to Clement, and so did the king's brethren and the most part of the university of Paris : and so the king was informed by all the great clerks



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