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weighty matter to make war against the king of England and his puissance, seeing how they had put his predecessors in time past to so much labour and travail: wherefore he thought it a hard matter to begin war, but he was so sore required of the great lords of Gascoyne and Guyenne, and also it was skewed him what great extortions and damages the Englishmen did daily and were likely to do in time to come : he granted to the war with an evil will, considering the destruction of the poor people that he thought should ensue thereby.

CHAPTERS CCXLIV-CCXLVII

SUMMARY.-Several of the French hostages in England procured their liberation, and among others the duke of Berry and the duke of Bourbon. This last obtained his acquittance by procuring the bishopric of Winchester for William of Wickham, the king's chaplain.

The prince of Wales had taken a sickness in Spain, of which daily he grew worse. The earl of Perigord and others attacked and routed Thomas Walkefare, seneschal of Rouergus, in revenge for the capture of the envoys. The prince of Wales sent for sirJohn Chandos. The French king sent envoys to England, and meanwhile made secretpreparations for seizing Abbeville an d the county of Ponthieu. When all was ready, the envoys returned, and letters of defiance were sent to the king of England by a Breton varlet. The king was indignant at receiving them from such a person, and at once prepared to defend Ponthieu ; but before his force could arrive, it was lost. Sir Guichard d'Angle, returning from Rome, passed through France and joined the prince of Wales.

CHAPTERS CCXLVIII-CCLIII

SUMMARY.-The king of England sent men of war to the frontiers of Scotland, and also prepared to defend the coast of England. The dukes of Anjou and Berry made their summons to go against the prince of Wales. The king of England sent the earls of Cambridge and Pembroke to the prince of


Wales, and they passed by Brittany to Angouleme, where the prince was. War was carried on with various success in Perigor d, Quercy and Languedoc. Several towns, including Cahors, turned French. The dukes of Gueldres and Juliers sent defiance to the French king. The duke of Burgundy was married to the daughter of the earl of Flanders.

CHAPTERS CCLIV-CCLXV

SUMMARY.-War continued in Quercy, Poitou and elsewhere, and sir Robert A'nolles, who came from Brittany, was sent into the Agenois and then laid siege to Duravel, whither also came sir John Chandos, the captal de Buch and others, but they could not take either that town or Domme. They took Gramat, Rocamadour and Villefranche and so returned. Meanwhile the earls of Cambridge and Pembroke took Bourdeilles in f erigord. An English company took Belleperche in Bourbonnais, and in it the mother of the duke of Bourbon and of the queen of France. The English captured la Roche-sur- Yon; and sir John Chandos laid waste the lands of Anjou, and then returned to Poitiers. At this time the duke of Lancaster lead been sent to Calais, and the duke of Burgundy lay opposite to him at Tornehem. The earl of Pembroke, who had disdained to go with sir John Chandos, rode into Anjou. When returning he was surprised at the village of Purnon by sir Louis de Sancerre, and being besieged there in a building belonging to the Templars, he sent for help to sir John Chandos.

CHAPTER CCLXVI

How sir John Chandos came to the succour of the earl of Pembroke.


BETWEEN the morning and nine of the day, when the assault was most fiercest and that the Frenchmen were sore displeased that the Englishmen endured so long, wherefore they sent to he villages thereabout for pikes and mattocks to break down and undermine the wall, which thing the




Page 192 (Chronicles of Froissart)