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beside Newcastle, the year of our Lord MCCCXLVI., the Saturday next after Saint Michael.

CHAPTER CXXXIX

How John Copeland had the king of Scots prisoner, and what profit he got thereby.

WHEN the queen of England being at Newcastle understood how the journey was for her and her men, she then rode to the place where the battle had been. Then it was shewed her how the king of Scots was taken by a squire called John Copeland, and he had carried away the king no man knew whither. Then the queen wrote to the squire commanding him to bring his prisoner the king of Scots, and how he had not well done to depart with him without leave. All that day the Englishmen tarried still in the same place and the queen with them, and the next day they returned to Newcastle. When the queen's letter was brought to John Copeland, he answered and said, that as for the king of Scots his prisoner, he would not deliver him to no man nor woman living, but all only to the king of England his sovereign lord : as for the king of Scots, he said he should be safely kept, so that he would give account for him. 'l 'hen the queen sent letters to the king to Calais, whereby the king was informed of the state of his realm : then the king sent incontinent to John Copeland, that he should come over the sea to him to the siege before Calais. Then the same John did put his prisoner in safe keeping in a strong castle, and so rode through England till he came to Dover, and there took the sea and arrived before Calais. When the king of England saw the squire, he took him by the hand and said : ` Ah ! welcome, my squire, that by your valiantness hath taken mine adversary the king of Scots.' The squire kneeled down and said: `Sir, if God by his grace have suffered me to take the king of Scots by true conquest of arms, sir, I think no man ought to have any envy thereat ; for as well God may send by his grace such a fortune to fall to a poor squire as to a great lord : and, sir, I require your grace, be not miscontent with me, though I did not deliver the king of Scots at the commandment of the queen. Sir, I hold of you, as mine oath is to you, and not to her but in all good manner.' The king said : `John, the good service that ye have done and your valiantness is so much worth, that it must countervail your trespass and be taken for your excuse, and shame have they that bear you any evil will therefor. Ye shall return again home to your house, and then my pleasure is that ye deliver your prisoner to the queen my wife ; and in a reward I assign you near to your house, whereas ye think best yourself, five hundred pound sterling of yearly rent to you and to your heirs for ever, and here I make you squire for my body.' Then the third day he departed and returned again into England; and when he carne home to his own house, he assembled together his friends and kin, and so they took the king of Scots and rode with him to the city of York, and there from the king his lord he presented the king of Scots to the queen, and excused him so largely, that the queen and her council were content. Then the queen made good provision for the city of York, the castle of Roxburgh, the city of Durham, the town of Newcastleupon-Tyne, and in all other garrisons on the marches of Scotland, and left in those marches the lord Percy and the lord Nevill as governour there : then the queen departed from York toward London. Then she set the king of Scots in the strong tower of London, and the earl Moray and all other prisoners, and set good keeping over them. Then she went to Dover and there took the sea, and had so good wind, that in a short space she arrived before Calais, three days before the feast of All Saints ; for whose coming the king made a great feast and dinner to all the lords and ladies that were there. The queen brought many ladies and damosels with her, as well to accompany her as to see their husbands, fathers, brethren and other friends, that lay at siege there before Calais and had done a long space.

CHAPTER CXL

How the young earl of Flanders ensured the king'



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