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all his company, and thought nothing of them. And the other battle took the straight way to the tents of the king of Bohemia, and in manner they found him in like case. And the third battle went to the tents of the earl of Hainault, and in like wise had near taken him. These hosts came so peaceably to the tents, that with much pain they of the host could arm them, whereby all the lords and their people had been slain, an the more grace of God had not been: but in manner by miracle of God these lords discomfited all three battles, each battle by itself, all in one hour, in such wise that of sixteen thousand Flemings there escaped never a person,' captains and all were slain. And the king and lords of France knew not one of another, nor what they had done, till all was finished and achieved; for they lay in three sundry parties one from another : but as for the Flemings, there was not one left alive, but all lay dead on heaps, one upon another in the said three sundry places. And this was done on Saint Bartholomew's day the year of our Lord MCCCXXVIII. Then the Frenchmen entered into the town of Cassel and set up the banners of France. And the town yielded them to the king, and also the town [of] Poperinghe and of Ypres, and all they of the chatelainy of Bergues, and then they received the earl Louis their lord, and sware to him faith and loyalty for ever. Then after the king and his people departed and went to Paris, and he was much honoured and praised for this enterprise and aid that he had done to his cousin Louis earl of Flanders- And thus the king was in great prosperity and every day increased his royal estate ; for, as it was said, there was never king in France that held like estate as did this king Philip of Valois.

CHAPTER XXIII

How the earl of Kent and the earl Mortimer in England were put to death.

THIS young king Edward of England was
1 Another text of Froissart says, ` Of all these sixteen thousand Flemings there escaped but one thousand.' In any case the exaggeration is very great. The loss on the Flemish side was probably less than four thousand.


governed a great space, as ye have heard before, by the counsel of the queen his mother and of Edmund of Woodstock earl of Kent, his uncle, and by sir Roger Mortimer earl of March. And at the last envy began to grow between the earl of Kent and the earl Mortimer, insomuch that this earl Mortimer informed so the young king by the consenting of the old queen Isabel his mother, bearing the king in hand, that the earl of Kent would have. empoisoned him, to the intent to be king himself, as he that was next heir-apparent to the crown; for the king's younger brother, who was called John of Eltham,' was newly dead. And then the king, who gave light credence to them, caused his uncle the earl of Kent to be taken and openly to be beheaded, without any manner of excuse to be heard; wherewith many of the nobles of the realm were sore troubled and bare a grudge in their hearts toward the earl Mortimer : and according to the English chronicle 2 the earl suffered death at Winchester, the tenth day of October, the third year of the king's reign, and lieth buried at the Friars in Winchester. But, as mine author saith, within a while after, as it was reported, queen Isabel the king's mother was with child, and that by the earl Mortimer, whereof the king was informed, and how the said Mortimer had caused him to put to death the earl of Kent his uncle without good reason or cause, for all the realm reputed him for a noble man. Then by the king's commandment this earl Mortimer was taken and brought to London ; and there before the great lords and nobles of the realm was recited by open declaration all the deeds of the said Mortimer. Then the king demanded of his council what should be done with him; and all the lords by common assent gave judgment and said, ` Sir, he hath deserved to die the same death that sir Hugh Spencer died.' And after this judgment there was no dilation of sufferance nor mercy, but incontinent he was drawn throughout London and then set on a scaffold and his members cut from him and cast into a fire, and his heart also, because he had imagined treason, and then quartered, and his quarters

1 A correction for `John a Gaunt.' 2 The references are to Fabyan, p. 441 and thereabout.




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