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NVA units
encircle Phuoc Long City (Song Be), capital of Phuoc   Long Province, near the
Cambodian border in Military Region 3.     7 January The NVA captures
Phuoc Long Province. The last allied Mekong
River convoy from South Vietnam enters   Phnom Penh. The Cambodian
Communist Khmer Rouge have suc-   cessfully halted resupply
to the embattled Cambodian capital,   threatening the downfall
of the non-Communist Cambodian   The NVA attacks Ban Me
Thuot in the Central Highlands, marking   the start of its 1975
Spring Offensive. The South Vietnamese
abandon Quang Tri City and Province. Quang Ngai City and Tarn
Ky in I Corps fall to the advancing NVA. The NVA captures the
former U.S. Marine base of Chu Lai. The NVA enters the major
port city of Da Nang and captures the   Marines of the 9th Marine
Amphibious Brigade (9th MAB) execute   Operation Eagle Pull,
the evacuation of American and other for-   eign nationals from Phnom
Penh, just before the city falls to the   Nguyen Van Thieu resigns
as President of the Republic of Vietnam   (South Vietnam) and
departs Saigon four days later for Taiwan,   leaving the control of
the government in the hands of his vice   General Duong Van Minh
becomes the new President of the   Marines of the 9th MAB
execute Operation Frequent Wind, the   evacuation of Americans,
foreign nationals, and various Vietnamese   officials and citizens
associated with Americans from Saigon to   ships of the Seventh
Fteet. The North Vietnamese
Army enters Saigon and places General   Minh and his cabinet
under arrest. Organized South Vietnamese   resistance to the NVA
has collapsed. A gunboat of the new
Cambodian Khmer Rouge regime seizes an   American ship, the SS
Mayaguez, in the Gulf of Thailand. Marines of BLT 2/9 in
U.S. Air Force helicopters make a helicopter   assault on Koh Tang Island
off the Cambodian mainland where the   is believed to be held. At the same time,   Marines from Company
D, 1st Battalion, 4th Marines board the   only
to find it deserted. The Cambodians in the mean-   time release the crew
of the Mayaguez who later are recovered   at sea by the U.S. destroyer
Wilson. With the recovery of
both the Mayaguez and its crew, the Marines   withdraw from Koh Tang
Island. The American forces sustained to-   tal casualties of 15
killed, 3 missing in action (later declared dead),   49 wounded, and 23 other
personnel killed in a related helicopter crash.   U.S. forces inflicted
an unknown number of casualties.



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