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Col Floyd A. Karker, Cummems on draft ms, 21Sept88 (Comment File), hereafter
Karker Comments; and LtCol Cunis G. Lawson, Comments on draft ms, 210ct88
(Comment File), hereafter Lawson Comments.

The Air Contingency BLTs


l- CincPac msg to CGIIIMAF, did 13Apr73.


2. CGIIIMAF msg 10 CG, 3d MarDiv, did 15Apr73.


3. CO, CTG 79.4 msg to TG 79.�l, dtd 17Apr73,


4. CGIIIMAF msg ro CO, 51sr MAU, dtd 20Apr73,


5. Ill MAFComdC,Jan-Jun73-

6. Maj Henry C. Stackpolc memo to CO, 9th Mar, Subj: Eagle Pull,

drd 29Sepr73, p, l (Eagle Pull Filc).

7. 9rh Mar ComdCs, Jul-Dei;73 and Jul-Dec74.

The Eagle Pull Command Element


8. II! MAF ComdC, Jul-Dec73.


9. Olmstead Comments; Angle Comments.


10. Lawson Comments.

11. Biographical sketch uf LtGen John J. Burns, USAF (Office of Air Force
History, Washington, D.C.).

The 31st MAU


12. Karker Comments.


13. 31st MAU ComdC. Jul73.


14. Ibid.


15. 31si MAU ComdC, Aug73-


16. Ibid.


17. Ibid., p. 6,


18. 31si MAU ComdC, Sep73.


19. 31st MAU ComdC, Ocr73.


20. 31si MAU ComdC, Nov73. 21- 31st MAU ComdC, Dec73.


22. 31si MAU ComdC. Jan74.


23. 31st MAU ComdC. Feb74.


24. 31st MAU ComdC. Apr74.


25. 31st MAU ComdC, Jun74

26. Capt Richard L. Jaehne intvw, lMar77, Tape 6192 (Oral Hisr-Coll, MCHC).

The Other Contingency


27. 9th Mar ComdCs, Jul-Dec74 andJan-Jul75.


28. Ibid.


29. Maj David A, Quinian inrvw, l6Mar76. Tape 6158 (Oral Hist-Coll, MCHC), hereafter Quinian intvw; Carey Commenrs.

30. Carev Comments.

PART II

South Vietnam

CHAPTER 5

THE NORTH VIETNAMESE

WINTER-SPRING OFFENSIVE, 1974-75:

THE MORTAL BLOW


Unless otherwise noted the material in this chapter is derived from Spring Victory; "Final Assessment"; Cot William E. Le Gro, USA. Vietnam From Ceasefire to Capitulation (Washington: U.S. Army Center of Military History, 1981), hereafter Cease-fire to Capitulation, Gen Cao Van Vien, The Final Collapse (Washington: U.S. Army Cenier of Military History, 1983), hereafter final Collapse;


Clark Duugan. David Fulghum, and editors, 'I'he fall of the South (Boston: Boston Publishing Co., 1985), hereafter fall of the South;

David Butler, The faU of Saigon (New "ferk: Simon and Schusrer, 1985), hereafter
Pail of Saigon; Arnold R. Isaacs, Without Honor (Baltimore: John Hopkins University
Press, 1983), hereafter Without Honor, and Col Harry G. Summers, Jr., Vietnam
Almanac (New Yolk: faces on Pile Publications, 1985), hereafter Vietnam Almanac.
Also used were LtCol 'Iran Ngoc Toan, Comments on draft mi;. l6Mar90 (Comment
File), hereafter 'loan Comments; LtCol Edward A. Grimm, Comments on draft
ms, 28Nov88 (Comment File), hereafter Grimm Comments-

The Collapse of the Central Highlands


1. Spring Victory, pp, 31-34; Cease-fire to Capitulation, pp. 132-136.


2. final Collapse, pp. 58-68,


3. Edward J. Marolda, Comments on draft ms, 6Jan89 (Comment File),


4. Spring Victory, pp. 23-26.


5. "Final Assessment," p. 5-1.


6. fall of the South, pp. 46-49-


7. "Final Assessment," p. 1-10; fall of the South, pp. 48-52,


8. Spring Victory, p. 44.


9- fall of the South, p. 49; final Collapse, pp. 69-70; Cease-fire


to Capitulation, pp. 147-149,


10. fall of the South, pp. 49-50; final Collapse. 70-72; Cease-fire to Capitulation, 149-151.


11. fall of the South, pp. 50-52; final Collapse, 72-75; Cease-fire to Capitulation, 151-152; Spring Victory, pp. 83-85.


12. fall of she South, p. 54.


13. Ibid.. pp. 54-63.


14. Spring Victory, p. 94.


15. Cease-fire to Capitulation, p. 154.

16. Without Honor, p, 356.

Defeat in Military Region 1


17. "Final Assessment," p. 2-2.


18. Cease-fire to Capitulation, pp. 156-157; fall of the South, pp. 66-68; Toan Comments.


19. final Collapse, p. 99; Vietnam Almanac, p. 79.


20. Spring Victory, p. 132.


21. "Final Assessment," p. 5-2.


22. Spring Victory, p, 132.

23. "Final Assessment," p, 1-9.

A Wasted Division


24. Ibid., p. 8-1-


25. Ibid,


26. Lukeman intvw,


27. Toan Commenrs.


28. "Final Assessment,'p. 5-1,

29. "Final Assessment,' pp. 8-1, 8-2

CHAPTER 6

THE EVACUATION OF SOUTH VIETNAM'S

NORTHERN PROVINCES


In preparing this chapter rhe following command chronologies were used: III MAF ComdC, lJan-30Jun75, hereafter III MAF









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