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37. Gen William W, Momyer, USAF (Ret), Airpower in Three Wars (Washington: Department of the Air Force, 1978), p. 118, hereafter Airpower.


38. Kenneth P. Werrell, Archie, Flak, AAA, and SAM: A Short Operational History of Ground-Based Air De fense (Maxwell Air Force Base: Air University Preys. 1988), pp. 107-109. hereafter Air Defense.


39. Air Power, p. 326.


40. Air Defense, p. 116.


41. Air Power, p. 337.


42. LtGen Le Nguyen Khang imvw, 30Scpt75, pp. 77-78 (Oral Hisr-Coll, MCHC).


43. House Report Vietnam, pp. 95-98.


44. Edward J. Marolda and G- Wesley Pryce III, A Short History of the United States Navy and the Southeast Asian Conflict, I95V-1975 (Washington: Navy Historical Division, 1984), p. 3.


45. Captain Nguyen Xuan Son intvw, l6Jul75, pp. 3-4 (OAB, NHD).


46. Col Richard McMahon, USA (Ret), "Saigon '75: The Inevitable Collapse," The Retired Officer, Apr85, pp. 18-22.


47. House Report Vietnam, p. 21; "Final Assessment,"


48. House Report Vietnam, p. 119; "Final Assessment."


49. House Report Vietnam, p. 121; "Final Assessment."


50. House Report Vietnam, p. 117; "Final Assessment."


51. House Report Vietnam, p. 122; "Final Assessment."

52. House Report Vietnam, p. 13; "Final Assessment."

53. War Remembered, p, 144

A Division of Marines


54. LtCol Anthony Lukeman inrvw, 6May76, Tape 6169 (Oral Hist-Coll, MCHC), hereafter Lukeman intvw.


55. Strickland Comments; VNMC/MAU HistSum.


56. DAO, Saigon. Qtr Rpt 30Jun74, Ch 8. pp. 8-1 to 8-4 (CMH),


57. Lukeman intvw,


58. Strickland intvw,


59. Ibid.


60. Strickland inrvw.


61. VNMC/MAU HistSum.


62. Strickland intvw.


63. Ibid.


64. Intel Dtv. HQMC Fact Sheet on VNMC, Jan75, p. 4-1,


65. Ibid,

66. LtCol Anthony Lukeman hr to Maj Robert E. Hamilion did 13Dec74.

CHAPTER 2 THE UNITED STATES PRESENCE

IN SOUTHEAST ASIA


Unless otherwise noted the material in this chapter is derived from: 1st MAW ComdCs for lJan-30Jun72, l�ul-3lDcc72, ljan-30Jun73, lJul-3lDec73, and l)ul-31Dec74, hereafter 1st MAW ComdC, month and year; MAG-15 ComdCs for lJan-30Jun72, lJul-31Dec72, lJan-30Jun73, and lJul-3lDec73, hereafter MAG-15 ComdC, month and year; MAG-12 ComdCs for lJan-30Jun72. ljan-30Jun73, lJul-3lDec73, and lJul-31Dec74, hereafter MAG-12 ComdC, month and year; 1st MAW Task Force Delta After Action Report, May72-Sept73, entitled "The Rose Garden Story" hereafter �lask Force Delta Report; VMA-311 ComdCs for lJan-30Jun72, lJul-31Dec72, lJan-30Jun73, and lJul-31Dec74, hereafter VMA-311 ComdC, month and year; VMA-211 ComdCs for lJan-30Jun72 and lJan-30Jun73, hereafter VMA-211 ComdC, month and year; 3d MarDiv ComdCs for lJan-30Jun73 and lJul-31Dec74, hereafter 3d MarDiv ComdC, month and year; and Company E, Marine Security Guard Battalion ComdC, lJul-3lDec73, hereafter Co E, MSG Bn ComdC. Also used in [his chapter were Senate Report Vietnam;


Spring Victory, Bernard C. Nalry, Comments on draft ms, dtd 240cc88, hereafter Naky Comments; Strickland Comments; LtCol Anthony A. Grimm, Comments on draft ms, dtd 28Nov88 (Comment File), hereafter Grimm Comments; and Strickland imvw.


1. Directorate for Information, Operations, and Reports, Department o/Defense Selected Manpower Statistics, Fiscal Year 1985 (Washington: Department of Defense, 1984), p. 128.


2. U.S. Embassy, DAO NavDivHistRpt, 29Mar73, p. 14.

3. Senate Report Vietnam, p. 20.

The Forces in Thailand


4. MAG 15 ComdC, lJan-30Jun72; Task Force Delta Report.


5. MAG-15 ComdCs, lJan-30Jun72 and lJul-31Dec72; Task Force Delta Report-6, MAG-15 ComdCs, lJui72-31Dec72, lJan73-30Jun73, and lJul-3lDec73; Task Farce Delta Reporr.


7. LtCol Horace W. Baker intvw, lSep76, Tape 6163 (Oral HistColl, MCHC), hereafter Baker intvw.


8. Ibid.


9. Grimm Comments.


10. Baker intvw.


11. LtCol Anthony A. Grimm inrvw, 22Nov75, Tape 6191 (Oral Hisi-Coll, MCHC), hereafter Grimm inrvw; Earl H. Tilford, Search and Rescue in Southeast Asia, 1961-1975 (Washington: Office of Air Farce History, 1980), pp. 127-128, hereafter Search snd Rescue in Southeast Asia.


12. Grimm intvw.


13. Ibid.

14. Grimm inrvw; Col John S- Roosma, USAF (Ret) inrvw, 170ct89, Tape 8990
(Oral HistColl, MCHC), hereafter Roosma intvw. 15- Roosma intvw; Benjamin
M. Elson, "Command, Control Update Planned," Aviation Week and Space Technology,
6Mar78, pp. 52-54.

The Forces Afloat


16. Spring Victory, p. 25.


17- VAdm George P. Sieele, USN, "The Sevenrh Fleer," U.S. Naval


Institute Proceedings, Jan76, pp. 24-30.


18. Ibid.

19. Ibid.

The III Marine Amphibious Force


20. 1st MAW ComdCs; lJan-30Jun72, lJul-31Dec72, lJan-30Jun73, and lJul-3lDec73.


21. 1st MAW ComdC. lJan-30Jun72; MAG-12 ComdC, lJan-30Jun72; MAG-15 ComdC, lJan-30Jun72.


22. VMA-311 ComdCs, lJan-30Jun72, lJul-31Dec72, and IJan. 30Jun73; VMA-211 ComdCs, lJan-30Jun72 and lJan-30Jun73.


23. 1st MAW ComdC, lJan-30Jun73; MAG-15 ComdCs, lJan-30Jun73 and lJul-3lDec73; Task Force Deira Report; MAG-12 ComdC lJul-3lDec73.


24. 1st MAW ComdCs, lJul-3lDec73 and lJul-31Dec74; MAG-12









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