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Political Stabilization and its

Effects

Unless otherwise noted, the material in this section is derived from: Buttinger, Vietnam: A Dragon Embattled, v. II; Gravel Edition, Pentagon Papers, v. I; Fall, Two Vietnams; Robert Shaplen, The Lost Revolution (New York: Harper, 1965); Kahin and Lewis, The U.S. In Vietnam; Lansdale, In The Midst of Wars.

* Col John T. Breckinridge, telephone conversation with Capt Robert Whitlow, dtd 21 Feb 74, subj: Early Experiences with the VN Marine Corps (Addenda to Breckinridge Comments, Vietnam Comments File), hereafter Breckinridge Conversation.

5 Croizat, 'Notes on The Organization,' p. 5.

6 Breckinridge Conversation.

Chapter 3

Vietnamese Marines and the Communist

Insurgency

Unless otherwise noted, the material in this chapter is derived from: Department of State, Aggression From The North: The Record of North Viet-Nam's Campaign to Cmcjuer South Viet-Nam (Washington: GPO, 1965), hereafter Department of State, Aggression From The North; Buttinger, Vietnam: A Dragon Embattled, v. II; Fall, Two Viet-Nams; FitzGerald, Fire In The Lake; Kahin and Lewis, The U.S. In Vietnam; Pike, Viet Cong.

1 U.S. News EWorld Report, 9Nov64, p.63.

2 Scigliano, South Vietnam: Nation Under Stress, p. 164.

3 Fall, Two Viet-Nams, p. 360.

4 Gravel Edition, Pentagon Papers, v. II, p. 35.

5 'Evolution of The War,' Pentagon Papers, bk. 2, sec. IV.B.l, P.I. 'fike.VietCong.p.Sl.

7 Gravel Edition, Pentagon Papers, v. II, p. 36.

8 HistBr, G-3, HQMC, 'General Chronology of Events in Vietnam,1945-1964,'p. 41.

Insurgency and the Vietnamese Marine Corps

Unless otherwise noted the material in this section is derived from: SMA to CMC, Itr dtd 22 March 1973, Subj: Vietnamese Marine Corps/Marine Advisory Unit Historical Summary, 1954-1973, hereafter VNMC/MAU HistSum, 22Mar73; Maj James Tingling, Capt Harvey D. Bradshaw, and Mr. Benis M. Frank, 'United States Marine Corps Activities in Vietnam 1954-1963,' MS (HistDiv, HQMC, 1963), hereafter Yingling, et al., 'USMC Activities 1954-1963'; Col Frank R. Wilkinson, USMC (Ret.), intvw by Hist&MusDiv, HQMC, dtd 14Jul74 (Oral HistColl, Hist&MusDiv, HQMC), hereafter Wilkinson Interview; LtCol Robert E. Brown, Comments on Draft MS, Capt Robert Whitlow, 'U.S. Marine Activities in Vietnam, 1954-1964' (Vietnam Comment File), hereafter, R. E. Brown Comments; Col Raymond C. Damm, Comments on Draft MS, Capt Robert Whitlow, 'U.S. Marine Activities in Vietnam, 1954-1964' (Vietnam Comment File) hereafter Damm Comments; LtCol Michael J. Gott, Comments on Draft MS, Capt Robert Whitlow, 'U.S. Marine Activities in Vietnam, 1954-1964' (Vietnam Comment File) hereafter Gott Comments; Col Gary L. Wilder, Comments on Draft MS, Capt Robert Whitlow, 'Marine Activities in Vietnam, 1954-1964' (Vietnam Comment File), hereafter Wilder Comments.

9 VNMC/MAU HistSumm, 22Mar73. 111 Wilkinson Interview. ' Ibid.

12 Damm Comments.

13 Gott Comments.

Ancillary Effects on Marine Pacific

Commands

Unless otherwise noted, the material in this section is derived from: Maj T. C. Edwards, '3d MarDiv Counterguerrilla Training: A Readiness Report,' Marine Corps Gazette, v. 47, no. 5 (May 1963), pp. 45-48, hereafter Edwards, 'Counterguerrilla Training'; MajGen Donald M. Weller, USMC (Ret.), Comments on Draft MS, Capt Robert Whitlow, 'U.S. Marine Activities in Vietnam, 1954-1964' (Vietnam Comment File), hereafter Weller Comments; MajGen Donald M. Weller, USMC (Ret.), intvw by Hist&MusDiv, HQMC, dtd (OralHistColl, Hist& MusDiv, HQMC), hereafter Weller Interview; MajGen Donald M. Weller, USMC (Ret.), Intvw with Captain Robert Whitlow, dtd 26Sep73, Subj: 3d MarDiv Training Program (1954-1964 Project Interview Folder), hereafter Weller Interview on Training Programs. u Weller Interview on Training Programs.

15 Edwards, 'Counterguerrilla Training,' p. 46.

American Decisions at the Close of

1961

Unless otherwise noted, the material in this section is derived from : Gravel Edition, Pentagon Papers, v. II; 'The Pall Decisions,' Pentagon Papers, bk'. 2, sec. IV.B, ch. V and VI; Arthur M. Schlesinger, Ji-., A Thousand Days (Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company, 1965), hereafter Schlesinger, A Thousand Days; Maxwell D. Taylor, Swords and Plowshares (New York: W. W. Norton & Company, Inc., 1972), hereafter Taylor, Swords and Plowshares; Chester L. Cooper, The Last Crusade: America In Vietnam (New York: Dodd, Mead & Company, 1970), hereafter Cooper, The Last Crusade; Gen. William C. Westmoreland and Adm U. S. G. Sharp, Report On The War In Vietnam (Washington: GPO 1969), hereafter Westmoreland and Sharp, Report On The War.

16 Taylor, Swords and Plowshares, p. 225.

Chapter 4 An Expanding War, 1962

Unless otherwise noted, the material in this chapter is derived from: William A. Nighswonger, Rural Pacification in Vietnam 1962-19S5 (Washington: Advanced Research Projects Agency, 1966), hereafter Nighswonger, Rural Pacification, 1962-65,' USMAAG, Vietnam, 'Tactics and Techniques of Counter-insurgent Operations' (Saigon, RVN: USMAAG, 1961), hereafter, USMAAG Vietnam, 'Tactics and Techniques of Counter-insurgent Opns'; Hdqts, U.S. Army, The Viet Cmg (Ft. Bragg, N.C.: 1965) hereafter, U.S. Army, Viet Cong; Cooper, et al.. The American Experience With Pacification; Gravel Edition, Pentagon Papers, v. II;' 'The Strategic Hamlet Program, 1961-63,'' Pentagon Papers, bk. 3, sec. IV.B.2; Fall, Two Viet-Nams.

1 As quoted in the Gravel Edition, Pentagon Papers, v. II, p.140.

Creation of MACV and Marine Advisory Division

Unless otherwise noted, the material in this section is derived from: Senior Marine Advisor letter to CMC, dtd 24Jan64, hereafter SMA Itr to CMC, 24Jan64; CinCPac Command History, 1962; MACV Command History, 1962; Marine Corps Command Center, Items of Significant Interest, Jan-Feb62, hereafter MCC Items; LtGen Richard G. Weede, Intvw by Hist&MusDiv, HQMC dtd 23Jul73 (OralHistColl, Hist&MusDiv, HQMC), hereafter Weede Interview.

The Vietnamese Marine Corps, 1962

Unless otherwise noted, the material in this section is derived from: SMA Itr to CMC, 24Jan64; Capt Don R. Christensen, 'A Special Gazette Report: Dateline . . . Vietnam,' Marine Corps Gazette, v. 47, no. 9 (Sep63), p. 5, hereafter Christensen, 'Date-




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