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Chapter 11

Fire Support and Reconnaissance

Unless otherwise noted the material in this chapter is derived from: MACV Comd Hist, 1965; FMFPac, Marine Forces in Vietnam, Mar65-Sep67; FMFPac, III MAF Ops, Mar-Sep65; FMFPac, III MAF Ops, Oct-Dec65; III MAF ComdCs, May-Dec65; 3d MarDiv ComdCs, May-Dec65; HQMC Msg File; Vietnam Comment File; Shulimson, "U.S. Marines in Vietnam, pt l"; Shulimson, "Marines in Vietnam, pt 2"; Moody et. al., "Backing Up The Troops, pt 8"; Cahill and Shulimson "USMC OPs RVN, Jan-Jun65"; Shulimson, "USMC Ops RVN, Jul-Dec65"; Simmons, "Marine Corps Ops,1965-66."

Artillery Support

Additional sources for this section are: 12th Marines ComdCs, Jul-Dec65; 1/12 ComdCs Mar-Dec65; 2/12 ComdCs, Jul-Dec65; 3/12 ComdCs, Jun-Dec65; 4/12 ComdCs, Jul-Dec65; 3/11 ComdCs, Aug-Dec65.

1. Col Sumner A. Vale, Comments on draft MS, dtd 12Aug77 (Vietnam Comment File); 4/12 Comd C, Sep65.

2. See for the command changes, 3d MarDiv OpO 327-65, dtd 15Aug65 and 3d MarDiv OpO 329-65, Aug65, encls l and 3, 3d MarDiv ComdC, Aug65. See also 12th Marines ComdCs, Aug and Sep65, and 3/12 ComdC, Aug65.

3. 2/12 ComdC, Jul65, p.3.

4. 3d MarDiv ComdC, Sep65, p. 17.

5. FSCC portions of 3d MarDiv ComdCs, Oct-Dec65.

6. 1st MAW ComdC, Jul-Aug65, pt III, sec. 13, pp. 3-4.

7.12th Marines ComdC, Sep65, p. 5.

8. Ibid., Dec65, p. 5, and Prov Arty Bn AAR, encl l, TF DELTA AAR, Opn HARVEST MOON, p. 6.

9. 3/12 ComdC, Dec65.

Naval Gunfire

An additional source for this section is: Naval Gunfire Requirements, CMC File 32, (General Wallace M. Greene, Jr. Personal Papers Collection (PC 511) Hist&MusDiv, HQMC), hereafter Naval Gunfire File (Greene Papers).

10. HQMC, A03H, Talking Paper, dtd 20Jun65, Subj: Naval Gunfire Support, Tab U, Naval Gunfire File (Greene Papers).

11. MACV Comd Hist, 1965, p. 176.

12. Ibid., p. 178, and Naval History Division, "History of U.S. Naval Operations in the Vietnam Conflict, 1965-67," MS, Feb71, v. III, pt 2, p. 478 hereafter NHD, "History of U.S. Naval Opns, 1965-67."

13. MACV Comd Hist 1965, p. 176.

14. Ibid., p. 178.

15. Ibid., pp. 178-9.

16. HqIIIMAF, G-3 Sec, Memo for the AC/S, G-3, dtd 16Sep65, Subj: Naval Gunfire Activities, encl l, III MAF ComdC, Aug65.

17. Ibid., and HqIIIMAF, G-3 Sec, Agenda Subject: Naval Gunfire Support, dtd 4Jan66, end, III MAF ComdC, Jan 66.

18. NHD, "History of U.S. Naval Opns, 1965-67," p. 487; Simmons, "Marine Corps Ops, 1965-66," p. 22; 1st ANGLICO ComdC, Jul-Dec65; Walt Comments.

Other Ground Combat Support

Additional sources for this section are 3d Tank Bn ComdCs, Jul-Dec65; 3d Anti-Tank Bn ComdCs, Jul-Dec65; 1st AmTrac Bn, ComdCs, Jul-Dec65.

19. 3d TankBn ComdC, Nov 65.

20. Ibid.

Marine Reconnaissance

Additional sources for this section are 1st Force Recon Co ComdCs, Sep-Dec65; 3d Recon Bn ComdCs, May-Dec65; Simmons Comments, Jan 70; LtCol Roy R. Van Cleve, intvw by MCB, CamPen, dtd 17Jun66 (No. 144, Oral Hist Coll, Hist&MusDiv, HQMC), hereafter Van Cleve Intvw; Capt James L. Compton, intvw by MCB, Quantico, dtd 30Jun67 (No. 339, Oral Hist Coll, Hist&MusDiv, HQMC), hereafter Compton Intvw, GySgt Gus A. Koch, intvw by MCB, Camp Lejeune, dtd 21Apr67 (No. 643, Oral Hist Coll, Hist&MusDiv, HQMC), hereafter Koch Intvw; LCdr Ray W. Stubbe, USN, "Paddles, Parachutes, and Patrols," MS (Hist&MusDiv, HQMC), hereafter Stubbe, "Paddles, Parachutes, and Patrols.''

21. HQMC, Revision l, Table of Organization M-1428, Reconnaissance Battalion, Marine Division, Fleet Marine Force, dtd 23Sep63, hereafter Rev l, TO M-1428; HQMC Table of Organization M-4623, Force Reconnaissance Company, Fleet Marine Force, dtd 23Sep63.

1st Force Reconnaissance Company: The Early Days

An additional source for this section is: Capt David Whittingham, intvw by Hq FMFLant, dtd 15Feb66 (No. 81, Oral Hist Coll, Hist&MusDiv, HQMC).

22. BGen Edwin H. Simmons, intvw by Hist&MusDiv, dtd 26Aug77 (Oral Hist Coll, Hist&MusDiv, HQMC).

23.1st Force Recon Co ComdC, Oct65.

3d Reconnissance Battalion, Opening Moves

An additional source for this section is: LtCol Russell B. Tiffany, intvw by Hist&MusDiv, dtd Sep77 (Oral Hist Coll, Hist&MusDiv, HQMC), hereafter Tiffany Intvw.

24. CG 3dMarDiv msg to 3dMarDiv, dtd 19Sep65, encl 3, 3d Recon Bn ComdC, Sep65; Van Cleve Intvw.

25. 3d Recon Bn ComdC, Sep65.

26. Tiffany Intvw.

27. 3d Recon Bn ComdC, Jun65.

28. Quoted in Stubbe, "Paddles, Parachutes, and Patrols," p.553.

29. Van Cleve Intvw.

30. HQMC, Provisional Table of Organization M-1428, Reconnaissance Battalion, Marine Division, Fleet Marine Force, dtd 20Feb58; HQMC, Table of Organization M-1428, Reconnaissance Battalion, Marine Division, Fleet Marine Force, dtd 8Mar61.

31. Rev l, TOM-1428.

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