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Chapter 9

Pacification

Unless otherwise noted the material in this chapter is derived from: MACV Comd Hist, 1965; FMFPac, Marine Forces in Vietnam, Mar6S-Sep67; FMFPac, III MAF Ops, Mar-Sep65, FMPac, III MAF Ops, Oct-Dec65; III MAF ComdCs, Jul-Dec65; 3d MarDiv ComdCs, Jul-Dec65; HQMC Msg File; Vietnam Comment File; Shulimson, "Marines in Vietnam, pt 2"; Shulimson, "USMC Ops RVN, Jul-Dec65;" MajGen Donald M. Weller, USMC (Ret), Unprocessed Working Papers on Pacification, hereafter Weller Working Papers; Walt, Strange War, Strange Strategy; Stolfi, Civic Action; Simmons, "Marine Corps Ops, Vietnam 1965-66"; Cooper et. al., The American Experience with Pacification.

The Combined Action Program

Additional sources for this section are: FMFPac, "The Marine Combined Action Program, Vietnam, Aug65-Jan67," n.d., hereafter FMFPac, Combined Action Program; 3d Marines ComdCs, Jul-Dec65; 4th Marines ComdCs, Jul-Dec65; 7th Marines ComdCs, Aug-Dec65; 9th Marines ComdCs, Jul-Dec65; 3/4 ComdCs, Jul-Dec65; 1st Lt Paul R. Ek, intvw by MCB, CamPen, dtd 10Feb66 (No. 46, Oral Hist Coll, Hist&MusDiv, HQMC), hereafter Ek Intvw, Feb66; Hist Div, HQMC, Memo for the Record, dtd 10Nov72, Sub): Interview with Capt Paul R. Ek, (Vietnam Comment File), hereafter Ek MR, 10Nov72; Capt John J. Mullen, Jr. USMC, Student Staff Study, AWS, Quantico, Va, "Modification to the III MAF Combined Action Program in the Republic of Vietnam," dtd 19Dec68, hereafter Mullen Study.

1. Walt, Strange War, Strange Strategy, p. 29.

2. U. S. Marine Corps, Small Wars Manual (Washington: GPO, 1940), p. 1-32.

3. Walt, Strange War, Strange Strategy, p. 81.

4. Copy of LtGen Wallace M. Greene, Jr., personal Itr to MajGen Richard G. Weede, USMC, C/S USMACV, dtd 27Feb63 (General Wallace M. Greene, Jr. Personal Papers Collection (PC 511) Hist&MusDiv, HQMC).

5. Ek Intvw, Feb66.

6. Ek MR, 10Nov72.

7. Stolfi, Civic Action, p. l.

8. LtCol Sumner A. Vale, intvw by MCRD, Parris Island, SC, dtd 14Feb67 (No. 372, Oral Hist Coll, Hist&MusDiv, HQMC).

9. 3d Marines ComdC, Dec65, p. 3.

10. Walt, Strange War, Strange Strategy, pp. 105-106.

11. III MAF OpO 305-66, Short Title: Phong Bu, dtd 24Nov65 (III MAF Plans/Orders 1965).

12. These letters are reproduced in FMFPac, Combined Action Program, pp. 32-33. See also III MAF G-3 Section, Agenda Subj: RF/PF Status and Improvement, dtd 5Jan66, encl 6, III MAF ComdC, Jan66.

Protection of the Harvest: GOLDEN FLEECE

Additional sources for this section are: 9th Marines ComdCs, Sep-0ct65; 1/9 ComdC, Sep65; l/l ComdC, Oct65; 2/3 ComdC, Sep65; 2/4 ComdC, Oct65; LtCol Verle E. Ludwig, intvw by HQMC, dtd 23Jan67 (No. 294, Oral Hist Coll, Hist&MusDiv, HQMC), hereafter Ludwig Intvw; Clement, "Le My"; LtCol Verle E. Ludwig, "Bus to Tra Khe," Marine Corps Gazette, v. 50, no. 10 (Oct66), pp. 32-36.

13. Ludwig Intvw.

14. 9th Marines ComdC, Sep65, p. l.

15. Ludwig Intvw; 9th Marines FragO 36-65, dtd 9Sep65, end 2, 9th Marines ComdC, Sep65; Walt Comments.

16. Ludwig Intvw.

17. Col David A. Clement, Comments on draft MS, Shulimson, "Marines in Vietnam, pt. 2," dtd 12Mar70 (Vietnam Comment File).

18. III MAF ComdC, Oct65.

19. III MAF Staff Study, dtd 26Nov65, Subj: Study to determine data on the USMC assisted Summer/Fall 1965 Rice Harvest, encl 7, III MAF ComdC, Nov65.

Cordon and Search: The Seeds of COUNTY FAIR and Population Control

Additional sources for this section are: 9th Marines ComdC, Aug-Dec65; 3d Marines ComdCs, Aug-Dec65; Simmons Comments, Jan70.

20. Col Sumner A. Vale, Comments on draft MS, Shulimson, "USMC Ops RVN, Jul-Dec65," dtd 4Jun71 (Vietnam Comment File).

21. Simmons Comments, Jan70.

22. Ludwig Intvw.

23. LtCol Charles Ward, Comments on draft MS, dtd 27Oct76 (Vietnam Comment File).

Civic Action

Additional source for this section is the I Corps Joint Coordinating Council Minutes, v. I, Sep65-Dec66, hereafter ICJCC Minutes, with specific date.

24. Walt, Strange War, Strange Strategy, ch.7.

25. See ICJCC Minutes, dtd 6Sep65.

26. ICJCC Minutes, dtd 40ct65.

27. Mr. Marcus J. Gordon, Comments on draft MS, Shulimson, "Marines in Vietnam, pt 2," dtd 10Feb70 (Vietnam Comment File).

28. 3d MarDiv ComdC, Oct65, p. 25.

29. Stolfi, Civic Action, p. 53 and footnote 28, p. 90.

The Ngu Hanh Son Campaign and the Frustrations of Pacification

Additional sources for this section are: Reports on Quang Nam Pacification Program, Nov65-Feb66 in Weller Working Papers.

30. MACV Comd Hist, 1965, p. 233; Cooper et. al., The American Experience with Pacification, v. 3, pp. 233-34.

31. I Corps Advisory Group, Fact Sheet on Quang Nam Special Sector, dtd 8Nov65, encl 10, III MAF ComdC, Oct65.

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