Creator of The New Deal. American President for most of
World War II. Died in office of natural causes in April,
Franklin Delano Roosevelt was born in Hyde Park, New York in 1882. He began public service as a state senator in New York in 1910. He later served as Assistant Secretary of the Navy.
In 1920, he was the Democratic nominee for Vice President.
The following year, he contracted poliomyelitis, and struggled to regain use of his legs.
Roosevelt was elected President in 1932, during the Great Depression. He began his first term by creating a massive program (The New Deal) to help business and agriculture recover. He was successful and was reelected by a wide margin in 1936.
In 1940, though attempting to keep the United States out of the war in Europe, he still managed to assist Great Britain as much as possible.
In 1941, when the United States was drawn in to World War II with the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, President Franklin Roosevelt was in the 1st year of an unprecedented third term as President.
During the War, President Roosevelt met with British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin at Teheran and Yalta. He later met with Churchill and Chinese President Chiang Kai-shek in Cairo, and with Churchill at Casablanca.
Roosevelt, along with Churchill, set much of the allies' military strategy and urged the creation of a United Nations to help prevent future wars of the magnitude of World War II.
The pressures of the war took a heavy toll on Roosevelt's health, and on April 12, 1945, while serving his fourth term as president, he died of a cerebral hemorrhage. Vice-president Harry S. Truman succeeded him and saw the United States through the end of the war.
"Roosevelt, Franklin D." Encyclopædia Britannica
< http://www.britannica.com/eb/article?eu=117433 >
[Accessed December 21, 2002].
"Franklin D. Roosevelt" Whitehouse Biography
< http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/fr32.html >
[Accessed December 20, 2002].
"Casablanca Conference" University of San Diego, WW II Resources
< http://www.ibiblio.org/pha/policy/1943/430212a.html >
[Accessed on December 23, 2002].